Publikationen


6827 Publikationen gefunden
    GesundEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    T. Talanow, Anna-Maria Kasparbauer, J. Lippold, B. Weber, U. Ettinger

    Neural Correlates of Proactive and Reactive Inhibition of Saccadic Eye Movements

    Brain Imaging and Behavior, vol. 14, pp. 72-88

    2020

    DOI: 10.1007/s11682-018-9972-3

    Abstract anzeigen

    Although research on goal-directed, proactive inhibitory control (IC) and stimulus-driven, reactive IC is growing, no previous study has compared proactive IC in conditions of uncertainty with regard to upcoming inhibition to conditions of certain upcoming IC. Therefore, we investigated effects of certainty and uncertainty on behavior and blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal in proactive and reactive IC. In two studies, healthy adults performed saccadic go/no-go and prosaccade/antisaccade tasks. The certainty manipulation had a highly significant behavioral effect in both studies, with inhibitory control being more successful under certain than uncertain conditions on both tasks (p ≤ 0.001). Saccadic go responses were significantly less efficient under conditions of uncertainty than certain responding (p < 0.001). Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) (one study) revealed a dissociation of certainty- and uncertainty-related proactive inhibitory neural correlates in the go/no-go task, with lateral and medial prefrontal and occipital cortex showing stronger deactivations during uncertainty than during certain upcoming inhibition, and lateral parietal cortex being activated more strongly during certain upcoming inhibition than uncertainty or certain upcoming responding. In the antisaccade task, proactive BOLD effects arose due to stronger deactivations in uncertain response conditions of both tasks and before certain prosaccades than antisaccades. Reactive inhibition-related BOLD increases occurred in inferior parietal cortex and supramarginal gyrus (SMG) in the go/no-go task only. Proactive IC may imply focusing attention on the external environment for encoding salient or alerting events as well as inhibitory mechanisms that reduce potentially distracting neural processes. SMG and inferior parietal cortex may play an important role in both proactive and reactive IC of saccades.

    Angewandte Wirtschaftswissenschaften

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Marcus Dittrich, S. Städter

    Monitoring 'lemons': Why lower productivity workers are sometimes monitored more closely

    Applied Economics Letters, no. Published: 18 June 2020

    2020

    DOI: 10.1080/13504851.2020.1776826

    Abstract anzeigen

    We analyse workplace monitoring in a principal–agent model with two types of workers who differ in their productivity. The firm decides on the effort level, the wage and the monitoring intensity for both workers. We find that the elasticities of the workers’ effort-cost function and the firm’s monitoring-cost function affect the firm’s monitoring intensity. Our results imply that the firm might monitor the low-productive worker more closely than the high-productive worker.

    DigitalMobilAngewandte InformatikTC Plattling MoMo

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Nicki Bodenschatz, Markus Eider, Andreas Berl

    Mixed-Integer-Linear-Programming model for the charging scheduling of electric vehicle fleets

    Proceedings of the 2020 10th International Conference on Advanced Computer Information Technologies (ACIT) [September 6-8, 2020; Deggendorf]

    2020

    DOI: 10.1109/ACIT49673.2020.9208875

    Abstract anzeigen

    The number of electric vehicles is steadily increasing of the past few years. This transition to electric vehicles bears the challenge, to integrate the charging processes into the grid without overstressing it. To prevent this, research has tackled lately the scheduling of electric vehicle charging. Especially the charging of electric vehicle fleets is in the focus of research. There are already different solution approaches to increase the grid stability, to increase the intake of locally produced renewable energy or simply to reduce the cost. However, all these solution approaches use different mathematical models with different parameters to represent the charging scheduling problem. This results in the problem that each model is applicable for a special use case only, other use cases might need other parameters for the scheduling of the electric vehicle fleet. To ease this problem, this paper provides a detailed mathematical model for the cost minimization of a general electric fleet in the form of a mixed-integer-linearprogram. In order to do this, the paper shows that different research approaches use different parameters in their solutions. Afterwards, the paper presents a general overview of technical limitations for the electric fleets. On foundation of these limitations a mixed-integer-linear-program model for a wide range of electric fleets is established. Also, the paper provides options to extend the model in order to improve the result of an optimal schedule.

    NachhaltigAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und Wirtschaftsingenieurwesen

    Vortrag

    David Scholz, Thomas Stirner

    Hartree-Fock simulation of hematite surfaces with a posteriori calculation of correlation energy

    Preisträgervortrag zur Verleihung des Georg-Simon-Ohm-Preises der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft an David Scholz

    DPG-Frühjahrstagung, Dresden (abgesagt wegen Covid-19, gehalten an THD), Dresden

    2020

    NachhaltigAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und Wirtschaftsingenieurwesen

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Thomas Stirner, David Scholz, J. Sun

    Convergence of surface energy calculations for various methods: (001), (012), (100) hematite and the applicability of the standard approach

    Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, vol. 32, no. 18

    2020

    DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/ab6f88

    Abstract anzeigen

    Three different methods for the calculation of the surface energy, namely the standard approach, the Boettger relation and the linear-fit method, are applied to the (0 0 1), (0 1 2) and (1 0 0) hematite surfaces. The standard approach was previously shown to suffer from a divergence problem, and the Boettger relation was shown to exhibit quantum size effects. While the linear-fit method, in general, leads to a good convergence behavior of the surface energy, the questions arise whether the relative order of the calculated surface energies depends on the chosen calculation method, and whether there is any merit at all in employing the standard approach. The present work investigates these questions with hematite as a benchmark material system. The simulations show that, for the surface facets and slab thicknesses studied here, the relative order of the surface energies is unaffected by the chosen calculation method. A regime is found where the three methods are in reasonably good agreement with respect to the obtained surface energies. Finally, a procedure is put forward to extract meaningful surface energy values from the standard approach.

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Stephanie Hecht

    Bewegungsbezogene Gesundheitskompetenz (bGK). Die Vermittlung von bGK in der Lehre für eine qualitativ hochwertige Klientenversorgung

    PADUA - Die Fachzeitschrift für Pflegepädagogik, Patientenedukation und -bildung, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1-7

    2020

    DOI: 10.1024/1861-6186/a000529

    Abstract anzeigen

    Regelmäßige körperliche Aktivität birgt enorme gesundheitsförderliche Wirkungen. Ein Großteil der Bevölkerung erreicht jedoch die Mindestempfehlungen für Bewegung nicht. Das Konstrukt Bewegungsbezogene Gesundheitskompetenz adaptiert Ressourcen und Barrieren, um körperliche Aktivität bestmöglich zu initiieren und zu verstetigen. Die Umsetzung verlangt hoch kompetente Gesundheitsexperten, die unterschiedliche Handlungsansätze für die Bedarfe einer Zielgruppe bzw. eines Menschen entwickeln.

    MobilNachhaltigAngewandte InformatikTC Plattling MoMo

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Markus Eider, Andreas Berl

    Requirements for prescriptive recommender systems extending the lifetime of EV batteries

    Proceedings of the 2020 10th International Conference on Advanced Computer Information Technologies (ACIT) [September 6-8, 2020; Deggendorf]

    2020

    DOI: 10.1109/ACIT49673.2020.9209011

    Abstract anzeigen

    Lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles are subject to degradation, which is strongly influenced by the actions of vehicle users. Hereby, inexperienced users can cause the battery to reach its end of life state earlier than average. For this reason, this paper proposes the concept of a prescriptive recommender system that supports users in planning their utilization actions. The paper identifies functionalities of decision support systems relevant to extend the lifetime of electric and electronic systems. This allows to determe generic functional and non-functional requirements for prescriptive recommender systems. Further, the derived requirements are discussed in connection to the practicability of a prescriptive recommender system.

    DigitalNachhaltigAngewandte InformatikTC Freyung

    Vortrag

    Melanie Piser, Sebastian Wöllmann

    Digitale Partizipation als Prozessbeschleuniger für öffentliche Projekte - Bürgerbeteiligung im Projekt ALIA in der Gemeinde Weiherhammer

    Posterpräsentation

    INUAS International Conference 2020: Ressourcen - Zeit, Raum, Energie, Material (INUAS-Konferenzreihe - Urbane Transformationen: Wohnen, Ressourcen, Öffentliche Räume), München

    2020

    DigitalNachhaltigAngewandte InformatikTC Freyung

    Vortrag

    Melanie Piser, Sebastian Wöllmann

    Digitale Partizipation von FörderschülerInnen zur sozial und materiell nachhaltigen Gestaltung des Baubestands - Chancen digitaler Beteiligung von SchülerInnen am Beispiel der Schulhaussanierung des Rupert-Egenberger-Förderschulzentrums in der Stadt Amberg/Opf.

    Posterpräsentation

    INUAS International Conference 2020: Ressourcen - Zeit, Raum, Energie, Material (INUAS-Konferenzreihe - Urbane Transformationen: Wohnen, Ressourcen, Öffentliche Räume), München

    2020

    DigitalNachhaltigAngewandte InformatikTC Freyung

    Vortrag

    Melanie Piser, Sebastian Wöllmann

    Digitale Partizipation als Prozessbeschleuniger für öffentliche Projekte - Bürgerbeteiligung im Projekt ALIA in der Gemeinde Weiherhammer

    INUAS International Conference 2020: Ressourcen - Zeit, Raum, Energie, Material (INUAS-Konferenzreihe - Urbane Transformationen: Wohnen, Ressourcen, Öffentliche Räume), München

    2020

    DigitalNachhaltigAngewandte InformatikTC Freyung

    Vortrag

    Melanie Piser, Sebastian Wöllmann

    Digitale Partizipation von FörderschülerInnen zur sozial und materiell nachhaltigen Gestaltung des Baubestands - Chancen digitaler Beteiligung von SchülerInnen am Beispiel der Schulhaussanierung des Rupert-Egenberger-Förderschulzentrums in der Stadt Amberg/Opf.

    INUAS International Conference 2020: Ressourcen - Zeit, Raum, Energie, Material (INUAS-Konferenzreihe - Urbane Transformationen: Wohnen, Ressourcen, Öffentliche Räume), München

    2020

    DigitalNachhaltigAngewandte InformatikTC Freyung

    Vortrag

    Melanie Piser, Sebastian Wöllmann, Roland Zink

    Adolescents in Spatial Planning - A Digital Participation Platform for Smart Environmental and Democratic Education in Schools

    Video presentation

    21st Annual International Digital Landscape Architecture Conference 2020 (DLA), All-virtual online event (on-site conference at Harvard GSD, Boston, MA, USA cancelled)

    2020

    DigitalNachhaltigAngewandte InformatikTC Freyung

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Melanie Piser, Sebastian Wöllmann, Roland Zink

    Adolescents in Spatial Planning - A Digital Participation Platform for Smart Environmental and Democratic Education in Schools

    Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture (JoDLA) 5-2020, Berlin; Offenbach, vol. 5

    2020

    ISBN: 978-3-87907-690-1

    DigitalAngewandte InformatikTC Freyung

    Vortrag

    Sebastian Wöllmann, Roland Zink, Melanie Piser

    3D Mapping to collect volunteered geographic information

    2020 10th International Conference on Advanced Computer Information Technologies (ACIT), Deggendorf

    2020

    DigitalAngewandte InformatikTC Freyung

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Sebastian Wöllmann, Roland Zink, Melanie Piser

    3D Mapping to collect volunteered geographic information

    Proceedings of the 2020 10th International Conference on Advanced Computer Information Technologies (ACIT) [September 6-8, 2020; Deggendorf]

    2020

    DOI: 10.1109/ACIT49673.2020.9208958

    Abstract anzeigen

    This paper discusses the concept of crowdsourcing in combination with our new developed 3D viewer which is integrated in the technical infrastructure of PUBinPLAN, our digital participation platform. The voluntarily gathered information is collected on PUBinPLAN, where people can join and share their spatial knowledge on our 3D models of the city of Deggendorf and the Deggendorf Institute of Technology. Firstly, the technical details of the 3D viewer and the implementation into the PUBinPLAN website are explained and then, in a case study, the performance on different devices and in different browsers is analysed to ensure a smooth mapping experience for architectural approaches. This creates an added value to participatory regional and spatial planning processes.

    DigitalGesundAngewandte Informatik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    L. Trestioreanu, Patrick Glauner, J. Meira, M. Gindt, R. State

    Using Augmented Reality and Machine Learning in Radiology

    Innovative Technologies for Market Leadership: Investing in the Future

    2020

    ISBN: 978-3-030-41308-8

    DigitalMobilAngewandte Informatik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    S. Mund, Patrick Glauner

    Autonomous Driving on the Thin Trail of Great Opportunities and Dangerous Trust

    Innovative Technologies for Market Leadership: Investing in the Future

    2020

    ISBN: 978-3-030-41308-8

    DigitalAngewandte Informatik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    M. Thurner, Patrick Glauner

    Digitalization in Mechanical Engineering

    Innovative Technologies for Market Leadership: Investing in the Future

    2020

    ISBN: 978-3-030-41308-8

    DigitalAngewandte Informatik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Patrick Glauner

    Unlocking the Power of Artificial Intelligence for Your Business

    Innovative Technologies for Market Leadership: Investing in the Future

    2020

    ISBN: 978-3-030-41308-8

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Bernhard Bleyer

    Casuistry: On a Method of Ethical Judgement in Patient Care

    HealthCare Ethics Committee (HEC) Forum, no. Published 09 March 2020, pp. 1-16

    2020

    DOI: 10.1007/s10730-020-09396-7

    Abstract anzeigen

    The article is dedicated to the application questions of a case study method known as casuistry. In its long tradition, it focuses on an influential variant of the early modern period and reconstructs its functionality. In the course of reading recent receptions, it is noted that some studies speak of a “casuistic revival” in moral case deliberation in health care. As a result of this revival, casuistry has been modified in such a way that it guides case discussions in practice with the help of a tripartite methodology (morphology, taxonomy, and kinetics). However, as it turns out, casuistry, a case comparison method of ethical judgement based on reasoning logic, is less suitable for moral case deliberations in direct patient care. This stems from the fact that casuistry is a detailed procedure of ethical learning beneficial to institutionalized ethics committees or similar forms of ethics consultation in health care.