Publikationen


Suche nach „[Gesund]“ hat 262 Publikationen gefunden
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    GesundIQW

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Matthew White, Heather Braund, D. Howes, R. Egan, Andreas Gegenfurtner, J.J.G. van Merriënboer, A. Szulewski

    Getting Inside the Expert's Head: An Analysis of Physician Cognitive Processes During Trauma Resuscitations

    Annals of emergency medicine, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 289-298

    2018

    DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.03.005

    Abstract anzeigen

    STUDY OBJECTIVE Crisis resource management skills are integral to leading the resuscitation of a critically ill patient. Despite their importance, crisis resource management skills (and their associated cognitive processes) have traditionally been difficult to study in the real world. The objective of this study was to derive key cognitive processes underpinning expert performance in resuscitation medicine, using a new eye-tracking-based video capture method during clinical cases. METHODS During an 18-month period, a sample of 10 trauma resuscitations led by 4 expert trauma team leaders was analyzed. The physician team leaders were outfitted with mobile eye-tracking glasses for each case. After each resuscitation, participants were debriefed with a modified cognitive task analysis, based on a cued-recall protocol, augmented by viewing their own first-person perspective eye-tracking video from the clinical encounter. RESULTS Eye-tracking technology was successfully applied as a tool to aid in the qualitative analysis of expert performance in a clinical setting. All participants stated that using these methods helped uncover previously unconscious aspects of their cognition. Overall, 5 major themes were derived from the interviews: logistic awareness, managing uncertainty, visual fixation behaviors, selective attendance to information, and anticipatory behaviors. CONCLUSION The novel approach of cognitive task analysis augmented by eye tracking allowed the derivation of 5 unique cognitive processes underpinning expert performance in leading a resuscitation. An understanding of these cognitive processes has the potential to enhance educational methods and to create new assessment modalities of these previously tacit aspects of expertise in this field.

    GesundIQW

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    E. Kok, De Bruin, A. B., K. van Geel, Andreas Gegenfurtner, I. Heyligers, B. Sorger

    The Neural Implementation of Surgical Expertise Within the Mirror-Neuron System: An fMRI Study

    Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, vol. 12

    2018

    DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2018.00291

    Abstract anzeigen

    Motor expertise is an important aspect of high-level performance in professional tasks such as surgery. While recently it has been shown that brain activation as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) within the mirror-neuron system (MNS) is modulated by expertise in sports and music, little is known about the neural underpinnings of professional, e.g., surgical expertise. Here, we investigated whether and (if so) how surgical expertise is implemented in the MNS in medical professionals across three levels of surgical qualification. In order to answer the more specific research question, namely, if the neural implementation of motor expertise develops in a linear or non-linear fashion, the study compares not only brain activation within the MNS related to action observation of novices and experts, but also intermediates. Ten novices (medical students), ten intermediates (residents in orthopedic surgery) and ten experts (orthopedic surgeons) watched 60 video clips (5 s each) of daily-life activities and surgical procedures each while their brain activation was measured using a 3-T fMRI scanner. An established localization procedure was followed to functionally define the MNS for each participant individually. A 2 (video type: daily-life activities, surgical procedures) × 3 (expertise level: novice, intermediate, expert) ANOVA yielded a non-significant interaction. Furthermore, separate analyses of the precentral and parietal part of the MNS also yielded non-significant interactions. However, post hoc comparisons showed that intermediates displayed marginally significantly lower brain activation in response to surgery-related videos within the MNS than novices. No other significant differences were found. We did not find evidence for the hypothesis that the brain-activation level in the MNS evoked by observing surgical videos reflects the level of surgical expertise in the professional task of (orthopedic) surgery. However, the results suggest a potential non-linear relationship between expertise level and MNS-activation level.

    DigitalGesundIQW

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    K. Emmerdinger, Andreas Gegenfurtner, Wolfgang Stern

    Inklusion sehbeeinträchtigter Studierender durch die Implementierung assistiver Technologien und Universal Design in Lern-Management-Systemen

    spuren – Sonderpädagogik in Bayern, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 40-43

    2018

    GesundIQW

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Andreas Gegenfurtner, M. Gebhardt

    Sexualpädagogik der Vielfalt: Ein Überblick über empirische Befunde

    Zeitschrift für Pädagogik, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 379-393

    2018

    DOI: 10.3262/ZP1803379

    DigitalGesundIQW

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    A. Szulewski, H. Braund, R. Egan, Andrew Hall, J. Dagnone, Andreas Gegenfurtner, J.J.G. van Merriënboer

    Through the Learner's Lens: Eye-Tracking Augmented Debriefing in Medical Simulation

    Journal of Graduate Medical Education, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 340-341

    2018

    DOI: 10.4300/JGME-D-17-00827.1

    GesundAngewandte GesundheitswissenschaftenEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    H. Malson, H. Herzig, Irmgard Tischner, C. Phillips, D. Kitney, S. Norweg, R. Oldham-Cooper, K. Legge

    How can we improve primary care for children and young people with EDs? Final Report for NHS Bristol Clinical Commissioning Group

    2018

    GesundAngewandte GesundheitswissenschaftenEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    V. Braun, V. Clarke, N. Hayfield, N. Moller, Irmgard Tischner

    Qualitative story completion: A method with exciting promise

    Innovative Research Methods in Health Social Sciences, Singapore

    2018

    ISBN: 9789811042935

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Vortrag

    Momina Zulfiqar

    Healing Art - Exploring the relationship between creative arts, medical illustration, informatics and their health outcomes

    Posterpräsentation

    5. Tag der Forschung, Deggendorf

    2018

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Vortrag

    Jessica Ortiz Huerta, Camila Tomikawa

    Practical Applications of Intercultural and Interdisciplinary Communication in Higher Education

    Posterpräsentation

    5. Tag der Forschung, Deggendorf

    2018

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Vortrag

    Lena Görlich

    Systemisches Behördliches Gesundheitsmanagement bei der Polizei Niederbayern

    Posterpräsentation

    5. Tag der Forschung, Deggendorf

    2018

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Vortrag

    Sima Behbahani

    A Study on the Impact of Puppet Shows on the General Mental Health of Traumatized ChildrenUsing a Web-based Platform

    Posterpräsentation

    5. Tag der Forschung, Deggendorf

    2018

    GesundEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    I. Meyhöfer, M. Steffens, E. Faiola, Anna-Maria Kasparbauer, V. Kumari, U. Ettinger

    Combining two model systems of psychosis: The effects of schizotypy and sleep deprivation on oculomotor control and psychotomimetic states

    Psychophysiology, vol. 54, no. 11, pp. 1755-1769

    2017

    DOI: 10.1111/psyp.12917

    Abstract anzeigen

    Model systems of psychosis, such as schizotypy or sleep deprivation, are valuable in informing our understanding of the etiology of the disorder and aiding the development of new treatments. Schizophrenia patients, high schizotypes, and sleep‐deprived subjects are known to share deficits in oculomotor biomarkers. Here, we aimed to further validate the schizotypy and sleep deprivation models and investigated, for the first time, their interactive effects on smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEM), prosaccades, antisaccades, predictive saccades, and measures of psychotomimetic states, anxiety, depression, and stress. To do so, n  = 19 controls and n  = 17 high positive schizotypes were examined after both a normal sleep night and 24 h of sleep deprivation. Schizotypes displayed higher SPEM global position error, catch‐up saccade amplitude, and increased psychotomimetic states. Sleep deprivation impaired SPEM, prosaccade, antisaccade, and predictive saccade performance and increased levels of psychotomimetic experiences. Additionally, sleep deprivation reduced SPEM gain in schizotypes but not controls. We conclude that oculomotor impairments are observed in relation to schizotypy and following sleep deprivation, supporting their utility as biomarkers in model systems of psychosis. The combination of these models with oculomotor biomarkers may be particularly fruitful in assisting the development of new antipsychotic or pro‐cognitive drugs.

    GesundEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    U. Ettinger, E. Faiola, Anna-Maria Kasparbauer, N. Petrovsky, Chan, R. C. K., R. Liepelt, V. Kumari

    Effects of nicotine on response inhibition and interference control

    Psychopharmacology, vol. 234, pp. 1093-1111

    2017

    DOI: 10.1007/s00213-017-4542-8

    Abstract anzeigen

    Nicotine is a cholinergic agonist with known pro-cognitive effects in the domains of alerting and orienting attention. However, its effects on attentional top-down functions such as response inhibition and interference control are less well characterised. Here, we investigated the effects of 7 mg transdermal nicotine on performance on a battery of response inhibition and interference control tasks. A sample of N = 44 healthy adult non-smokers performed antisaccade, stop signal, Stroop, go/no-go, flanker, shape matching and Simon tasks, as well as the attentional network test (ANT) and a continuous performance task (CPT). Nicotine was administered in a within-subjects, double-blind, placebo-controlled design, with order of drug administration counterbalanced. Relative to placebo, nicotine led to significantly shorter reaction times on a prosaccade task and on CPT hits but did not significantly improve inhibitory or interference control performance on any task. Instead, nicotine had a negative influence in increasing the interference effect on the Simon task. Nicotine did not alter inter-individual associations between reaction times on congruent trials and error rates on incongruent trials on any task. Finally, there were effects involving order of drug administration, suggesting practice effects but also beneficial nicotine effects when the compound was administered first. Overall, our findings support previous studies showing positive effects of nicotine on basic attentional functions but do not provide direct evidence for an improvement of top-down cognitive control through acute administration of nicotine at this dose in healthy non-smokers.

    GesundAngewandte GesundheitswissenschaftenInstitut Betriebliches Gesundheitsmanagement u. Arbeitssicherheit

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Stephan Gronwald

    Governance-Management und moderner Arbeits- und Gesundheitsschutz

    Integriertes Personal-Managementsystem mit Governance, Risk und Compliance (GRC), Deggendorf

    2017

    GesundAngewandte GesundheitswissenschaftenInstitut Betriebliches Gesundheitsmanagement u. Arbeitssicherheit

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Stephan Gronwald

    Chancen für eine moderne Kurortentwicklung

    Kommentierung von: Stier-Jarmer M, Frisch D, Oberhauser C, Berberich G, Schuh A: The effectiveness of a stress reduction and burnout prevention program. A randomized controlled trial of an outpatient intervention in a health resort setting. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2016;113:781–788

    Complementary Medicine Research (Journal Club), vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 12-13

    2017

    DOI: 10.1159/00045732

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Hochschulschrift

    Richard Latzel

    Entwicklung und Zusammenhang von konditionellen Leistungsfaktoren und Spielleistung im deutschen Nachwuchsleistungs- und Profibasketball

    Ausgezeichnet mit dem Publikationspreis des Deutschen Basketball Bundes (DBB)

    2017

    Abstract anzeigen

    Konditionelle Leistungsfaktoren und ihr Einfluss auf die Spielleistung im deutschen Nachwuchsleistungs- und Profibasketball EINLEITUNG: Durch das komplexe Anforderungsprofil des professionellen Basketballs ist die Spielleistung auch von der athletischen Leistungsfähigkeit der Spieler bestimmt. Dennoch konnten bis dato nur wenige Studien eine direkte Verbindung zwischen Athletik und Spielleistung aufzeigen (McGill et al., 2012). Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit war es daher, den Einfluss von basketballrelevanten konditionellen Fähigkeiten auf Komponenten der Spielleistung im deutschen Nachwuchsleistungs- und Profibasketball zu untersuchen. METHODIK: 89 Spieler der höchsten deutschen Basketball Jugendligen ( JBBL: n=37, Alter: 14,8 ± 0,6 Jahre, Größe: 182,8 ± 7,6 cm, Gewicht: 67,6 ± 12,7 kg; NBBL: n=27, Alter: 17,0 ± 0,8 Jahre, Größe: 192,3 ± 7,8 cm, Gewicht: 80 ± 10,2 kg) sowie der 1. Bundesliga (BBL: n=25, Alter: 26,3 ± 3,6 Jahre, Größe: 196,0 ± 9,5 cm, Gewicht: 101,3 ± 9,8 kg) nahmen jeweils vor einer Saison an einer basketballspezifischen Leistungsdiagnostik teil. Alle Spieler durchliefen Tests der Schnelligkeit (21m-Sprint (23m, s), 10x15m Wiederholungssprinttest (RST, s)), Sprungkraft (No step vertical jump (NSVJ, cm), Maximal- sprung mit Anlauf (MVJ, cm), 30s Wiederholungssprungtest (30s, W/kg)), Agilität (Lane Agility (LA, s), T-Test (MAT, s)) und Ausdauer (YoYo IR1-Test (YoYo-IR1, m)). In der anschließenden Saison wurden ausgesuchte Parameter der Spielleistung erhoben (Anzahl der Spiele und Einsatzzeit, Punkte, Assists, Rebounds, Steals, Blocks, Effektivitätswert). ERGEBNISSE: Bei den JBBL- Spielern korrelierten nahezu alle erhobenen Fitnessdaten signifikant mit einem oder mehreren Merkmalen der Spielleistung (p<0,05), wobei LAT den größten Einfluss auf Einsatzzeit (r=-0,64), Punkte (r=-0,66), Assists (r=-0,64), Steals (r=-0,63) und Effektivitätswert (r=-0,64) hatte. Bei den NBBL-Spielern wiesen NSVJ, MVJ, RST, 23m und LAT ebenfalls einen signifikanten Zusammenhang mit Einsatzzeit, Assists und Steals auf. Bei den Profispielern korrelierten nur noch NSVJ and MVJ signifikant mit Rebounds und LAT signifikant mit Steals. Zudem wurden positionsspezifische Unterschiede festgestellt: in allen untersuchten Altersklassen korrelierten bei den Spielern der Positionen 1-3 vor allem die Leistungen in den Agilitätstests, und bei den Spielern der Positionen 4 und 5 vor allem die Reichhöhen im Standsprung mit den für ihre Positionen wichtigsten Parametern der Spielleistung. Der Vergleich mit der internationalen Leistungsspitze ergab ein insgesamt niedrigeres konditionelles Leistungsniveau des deutschen Nachwuchsleistungs- und Profibasketballs. DISKUSSION: Diese Ergebnisse zeigen, dass im Nachwuchsleistungsbasketball eine hohe allgemeine Fitness die Grundlage hoher Spielleistung bildet, während im Profibasketball vor allem positionsspezifische Aspekte der Fitness einen direkten Einfluss auf ausgesuchte Parameter der Spielleistung nehmen. Dies, und der im internationalen Vergleich niedrigere konditionelle Leistungsstand erweisen, dass das Konditionstraining in der Trainingspraxis des deutschen Nachwuchsleistungs- und Profibasketballs eine deutliche Aufwertung erfahren sollte.

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Stephan Gronwald, D. Melchart

    Entwicklung und Erprobung eines Bio-Psycho-Sozialen Analyseinstrumentes zur Identifizierung von Belastungen im Handwerk

    Institut für Betriebliches Gesundheitsmanagement und Arbeitssicherheit

    Forschungsbericht 2016/2017 der Technischen Hochschule Deggendorf

    2017

    DigitalGesundEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Buch (Monographie)

    Georgi Chaltikyan, A. Astvatsatryan

    International Healthcare Systems

    2017

    ISBN: 978-9939-838-54-0

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Vortrag

    V. Braun, Irmgard Tischner

    Exploring the Potential of Story Completion for Critical Health Psychology Research

    10th Biennial Conference of the International Society of Critical Health Psychology, Loughborough, UK

    2017

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Vortrag

    Irmgard Tischner, H. Malson

    Leading Ladies: Representations of Women Leaders in UK Broadcast Media. BPS Psychology of Women Section

    BPS Psychology of Women Section 30th Anniversary Annual Conference, Windsor, UK

    2017