DigitalAngewandte InformatikTC Grafenau
Florian Wahl, O. Amft
Data and Expert Models for Sleep Timing and Chronotype Estimation from Smartphone Context Data and Simulations
Proceedings of the ACM on Interactive, Mobile, Wearable and Ubiquitous Technologies (Association for Computing Machinery, NY, USA), vol. 2, no. 3 (September 2018)
We present a sleep timing estimation approach that combines data-driven estimators with an expert model and uses smartphone context data. Our data-driven methodology comprises a classifier trained on features from smartphone sensors. Another classifier uses time as input. Expert knowledge is incorporated via the human circadian and homeostatic two process model. We investigate the two process model as output filter on classifier results and as fusion method to combine sensor and time classifiers. We analyse sleep timing estimation performance, in data from a two-week free-living study of 13 participants and sensor data simulations of arbitrary sleep schedules, amounting to 98280 nights. Five intuitive sleep parameters were derived to control the simulation. Moreover, we investigate model personalisation, by retraining classifiers based on participant feedback. The joint data and expert model yields an average relative estimation error of -2±62 min for sleep onset and -5±70 min for wake (absolute errors 40±48 min and 42±57 min, mean median absolute deviation 22 min and 15 min), which significantly outperforms data-driven methods. Moreover, the data and expert models combination remains robust under varying sleep schedules. Personalising data models with user feedback from the last two days showed the largest performance gain of 57% for sleep onset and 59% for wake up. Our power-efficient smartphone app makes convenient everyday sleep monitoring finally realistic.
GesundAngewandte GesundheitswissenschaftenInstitut Betriebliches Gesundheitsmanagement u. Arbeitssicherheit
D. Melchart, A. Eustachi, Stephan Gronwald, Erich Wühr, K. Wifling, B. Bachmeier
Introduction of a web portal for an Individual Health Management and observational health data sciences
Patient Related Outcome Measures (PROM), vol. 9, no. June, pp. 183-196
There is a global trend to a stronger active involvement of persons in the maintenance and restoring of health. The Competence Centre for Complementary Medicine and Naturopathy (CoCoNat) of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has developed a lifestyle concept to enable each individual to manage his or her health – Individual Health Management (IHM) – and a web-based health portal named Virtual Tool for Education, Reporting, Information and Outcomes (VITERIO®), which addresses these needs for practice and research.
The objectives of this study were to establish a core set of questionnaires for a self-assessment program on certain risk indications and comprehensive protection factors of health and to develop and enhance 1) tools for individual feedback, longitudinal self-monitoring, self-assessment, and (self-)care-planning; 2) training packages; 3) open notes and records for provider and patient; and 4) tools for monitoring groups and single participants in various indicators for individual coaching and scientific evaluation.
The CoCoNat of TUM, Faculty for Applied Health Science of Technische Hochschule Deggendorf, VITERIO® company, IHM campus network, and Erich Rothenfußer Foundation, Munich, provide a consortium responsible for content, research strategy, technical production and implication, postgraduate education for IHM coaches, implementation of IHM in various settings, and funding resources.
A data set of indicators for health screening and self-monitoring of findings, symptoms, health behavior, and attitudes are integrated into a web-based health portal named VITERIO®. The article introduces some implemented graphical solutions of developed tools and gives examples for daily use.
Behavioral change and adaptation in attitudes and personal values are difficult issues of health education and lifestyle medicine. To address this problem best, the implementation of a patient-centric, performance measures-based program including open records and a blended learning concept were elaborated. The combination of an individual web-based health portal with personal coaching allows the implementation of IHM in everyday practice.
Energetic Profile of the Basketball Exercise Simulation Test in Junior Elite Players
International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance (IJSPP), vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 810-815
Purpose: To analyze the energetic profile of the Basketball Exercise Simulation Test (BEST). Methods: Ten male elite junior basketball players (age 15.5 [0.6] y, height 180  cm, and body mass 66.1 [11.2] kg) performed a modified BEST (20 circuits consisting of jumping, sprinting, jogging, shuffling, and short breaks) simulating professional basketball game play. Circuit time, sprint time, sprint decrement, oxygen uptake (VO2), heart rate, and blood lactate concentration (blc) were obtained. Metabolic energy and metabolic power above rest (Wtot and Ptot), as well as energy share in terms of aerobic (Waer), glycolytic (Wblc), and high-energy phosphates (WPCr), were calculated from VO2 during exercise, net lactate production, and the fast component of postexercise VO2 kinetics, respectively. Results: Waer, Wblc, and WPCr reflect 89% (2%), 5% (1%), and 6% (1%) of total energy needed, respectively. Assuming an aerobic replenishment of PCr energy stores during short breaks, the adjusted energy share yielded Waer 66% (4%), Wblc 5% (1%), and WPCr 29% (1%). Waer and WPCr were negatively correlated (−0.72 and −0.59) with sprint time, which was not the case for Wblc. Conclusions: Consistent with general findings on energy system interaction during repeated high-intensity exercise bouts, the intermittent profile of the BEST relies primarily on aerobic energy combined with repetitive supplementation by anaerobic utilization of high-energy phosphates.
NachhaltigAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenTC Teisnach Sensorik
Maria Kufner, F. Brand, V. Fairuschin, D. Schäffer
The invention relates to a distance sensor (16, 18) of a motor vehicle, in particular for collision monitoring of an electromotive door adjustment (2), with a lighting device (28) for emitting light (36) having an emission angle range (50), and with a detection device (30) for receiving the emitted light (36) having a detection angle range (54). The distance sensor (16, 18) further comprises an optical element (32) for guiding the emitted light (36), the optical element (32) having a first input angular range (46) and a reduced second input angular range (48) between which a Number of optical fibers (44) is arranged. The invention further relates to an electromotive door adjustment (2) of a motor vehicle.
NachhaltigAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenTC Weißenburg
Cheilakou, E., Tsopelas, N., Anastasopoulos, A., Kourousis, D., Dmitry Rychkov, Gerhard, R., Frankenstein, B., Amditis, A., Damigos, Y., Bouklas, C.
Strain monitoring system for steel and concrete structures
Procedia Structural Integrity, vol. 10, pp. 25-32
The present work is part of a collaborative H2020 European funded research project called SENSKIN, that aims to improve Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) for transport infrastructure through the development of an innovative monitoring and management system for bridges based on a novel, inexpensive, skin-like sensor. The integrated SENSKIN technology will be implemented in the case of steel and concrete bridges, and tested, field-evaluated and benchmarked on actual bridge environment against a conventional health monitoring solution developed by Mistras Group Hellas. The main objective of the present work is to implement the autonomous, fully functional strain monitoring system based on commercially available off-the-shelf components, that will be used to accomplish direct comparison between the performance of the innovative SENSKIN sensors and the conventional strain sensors commonly used for structural monitoring of bridges. For this purpose, the mini Structural Monitoring System (mini SMS) of Physical Acoustics Corporation, a comprehensive data acquisition unit designed specifically for long-term unattended operation in outdoor environments, was selected. For the completion of the conventional system, appropriate foil-type strain sensors were selected, driven by special conditioners manufactured by Mistras Group. A comprehensive description of the strain monitoring system and its peripheral components is provided in this paper. For the evaluation of the integrated system’s performance and the effect of various parameters on the long-term behavior of sensors, several test steel pieces instrumented with different strain sensors configurations were prepared and tested in both laboratory and field ambient conditions. Furthermore, loading tests were performed aiming to validate the response of the system in monitoring the strains developed in steel beam elements subject to bending regimes. Representative results obtained from the above experimental tests have been included in this paper as well.
NachhaltigAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenTC Weißenburg
Dmitry Rychkov, Altafim, R.A.P.
Template-based fluoroethylenepropylene ferroelectrets with enhanced thermal stability of piezoelectricity
Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 124, no. 17
In ferroelectrets, the piezoelectricity stems from the charges of both polarities trapped on the inner surfaces of the cavities in the material, so that its thermal stability is defined by the stability of the respective charges. In the present work, a template-based lamination technique has been employed to fabricate tubular-channel ferroelectrets from fluoroethylenepropylene (FEP) films. It has been shown that the piezoelectricity in FEP ferroelectrets decays at relatively low temperatures due to the inherently lower thermal stability of the positive charge. In order to improve charge trapping, we have treated both FEP films and inner surfaces of the ferroelectret cavities with titanium-tetrachloride vapor, using the atomic-layer-deposition technique. Using surface-potential-decay measurements on FEP films, we have found that the charge-decay curves shift by more than 100 ∘C to the higher temperatures as a result of the surface treatment. Direct measurements of piezoelectric d33 coefficients as a function of temperature have shown that the piezoelectric stability is likewise improved with the d33-decay curves shifted by 60 ∘C to the right. The improvement of electret/ferroelectret properties can be attributed to the formation of the deeper traps on the chemically modified FEP surface. SEM micrographs and EDS analysis reveal island-like structures with titanium- and oxygen-containing species that can be responsible for the deeper trapping of the electret charges.