NachhaltigElektrotechnik und MedientechnikIQMA
C. Yang, D. Souchay, M. Kneiß, Manuel Bogner, H. Wei, M. Lorenz, O. Oeckler, Günther Benstetter, Y. Fu, M. Grundmann
Transparent flexible thermoelectric material based on non-toxic earth-abundant p-type copper iodide thin film
nature COMMUNICATIONS, no. July
Thermoelectric devices that are flexible and optically transparent hold unique promise for future electronics. However, development of invisible thermoelectric elements is hindered by the lack of p-type transparent thermoelectric materials. Here we present the superior room-temperature thermoelectric performance of p-type transparent copper iodide (CuI) thin films. Large Seebeck coefficients and power factors of the obtained CuI thin films are analysed based on a single-band model. The low-thermal conductivity of the CuI films is attributed to a combined effect of the heavy element iodine and strong phonon scattering. Accordingly, we achieve a large thermoelectric figure of merit of ZT=0.21 at 300 K for the CuI films, which is three orders of magnitude higher compared with state-of-the-art p-type transparent materials. A transparent and flexible CuI-based thermoelectric element is demonstrated. Our findings open a path for multifunctional technologies combing transparent electronics, flexible electronics and thermoelectricity.