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Suche nach „[S.] [Fuchs]“ hat 15 Publikationen gefunden
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    TC Freyung

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    V. Meyer, C. Kuhlicke, J. Luther, S. Fuchs, S. Priest, Wolfgang Dorner, K. Serrhini, J. Pardoe, S. McCarthy, J. Seidel, S. Scheuer, G. Palka

    Recommendations for user-specific enhancement of flood maps

    Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 1701-1716

    2012

    Abstract anzeigen

    The European Union Floods Directive requires the establishment of flood maps for high risk areas in all European member states by 2013. However, the current practice of flood mapping in Europe still shows some deficits. Firstly, flood maps are frequently seen as an information tool rather than a communication tool. This means that, for example, local stocks of knowledge are not incorporated. Secondly, the contents of flood maps often do not match the requirements of the end-users. Finally, flood maps are often designed and visualised in a way that cannot be easily understood by residents at risk and/or that is not suitable for the respective needs of public authorities in risk and event management. The RISK MAP project examined how end-user participation in the mapping process may be used to overcome these barriers and enhance the communicative power of flood maps, fundamentally increasing their effectiveness. Based on empirical findings from a participatory approach that incorporated interviews, workshops and eye-tracking tests, conducted in five European case studies, this paper outlines recommendations for user-specific enhancements of flood maps. More specific, recommendations are given with regard to (1) appropriate stakeholder participation processes, which allow incorporating local knowledge and preferences, (2) the improvement of the contents of flood maps by considering user-specific needs and (3) the improvement of the visualisation of risk maps in order to produce user-friendly and understandable risk maps for the user groups concerned. Furthermore, "idealised" maps for different user groups are presented: for strategic planning, emergency management and the public.

    TC Freyung

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    J. Luther, V. Meyer, C. Kuhlicke, S. Scheuer, H. Unnerstall, S. Fuchs, Wolfgang Dorner, J. Seidel, S. Priest, S. McCarthy, et al.

    Improving flood maps to foster participation and raise flood risk

    Chapter 206

    Comprehensive flood risk management, Boca Raton

    2012

    ISBN: 978-0-415-62144-1

    Fraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Jochen Hiller, T. Fuchs, S. Kasperl, L. Reindl

    Einfluss der Bildqualität röntgentomographischer Abbildungen auf Koordinatenmessungen

    Grundlagen, Messungen und Simulationen

    tm - Technisches Messen, no. 7/8, pp. 334-347

    2011

    DOI: 10.1524/teme.2011.0137

    Abstract anzeigen

    Die industrielle Computertomographie (CT) findet in der dimensionellen Messtechnik zunehmend Akzeptanz. Allerdings ist noch wenig über den konkreten Einfluss verschiedener Systemkomponenten, physikalischer Störgrößen oder Bildverarbeitungsschritte auf dimensionelle CT-Messungen bekannt. In diesem Beitrag werden physikalische Bildgütemerkmale zur Beurteilung der Bildqualität in der CT vorgestellt und mittels Computersimulationen der Einfluss der Rekonstruktionsbildgüte auf Koordinatenmessungen untersucht.

    TC Freyung

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Andreas Grzemba, T. Liebetrau, S. Edenharter, P. Scheer, M. Fuchs, Alexander Faschingbauer

    Partial Networking – Selektiver Teilnetzbetrieb

    AmE 2011 - Automotive meets Electronics, Berlin [u.a.], vol. 69, CD-ROM

    2011

    ISBN: 978-3-8007-3345-3

    Fraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    T. Schön, I. Bauscher, T. Fuchs, U. Hassler, Jochen Hiller, S. Kasperl, Oeckl, S. Schröpfer, S., V. Weizel

    Dimensionelles Messen mit Helix-Computertomographie

    Berichtsband BB-115 zur DGZfP-Jahrestagung (Münster)

    2009

    TC Freyung

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    S. Fuchs, K. Spachinger, Wolfgang Dorner, J. Rochmann, K. Serrhini

    Evaluating cartographic design in flood risk mapping

    Environmental Hazards, vol. 8, pp. 52-70

    2009

    Abstract anzeigen

    In order to mitigate flood hazards and to minimize associated losses, technical protection measures have been additionally and increasingly supplemented by non-technical mitigation, i.e. land-use planning activities. This is commonly done by creating maps which indicate such areas by different cartographic symbols, such as colour, size, shape and typography. Hazard and risk mapping is the accepted procedure when dealing with natural hazards and is therefore required in the European Member States in order to meet the demands of the European Flood Risk Directive. However, available information is sparse concerning the impact of such maps on different stakeholders, i.e. specialists in flood risk management, politicians and affected citizens. The lack of information stems from a traditional approach to map production which does not take into account specific end-user needs. In order to overcome this information shortage the current study used a circular approach such that feedback mechanisms originating from different perception patterns of the end user would be considered. Different sets of small-scale as well as large-scale risk maps were presented to different groups of test persons in order to (1) study reading behaviour as well as understanding and (2) deduce the most attractive components that are essential for target-oriented communication of cartographic information. Therefore, the method of eye tracking was applied using a video-oculography technique. This resulted in a suggestion for a map template which fulfils the requirement to serve as an efficient communication tool for specialists and practitioners in hazard and risk mapping as well as for laypersons. Taking the results of this study will enable public authorities who are responsible for flood mitigation to (1) improve their flood risk maps, (2) enhance flood risk awareness and, therefore, (3) create more disaster-resilient communities.

    TC Freyung

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    S. Fuchs, Wolfgang Dorner, et al.

    Flood risk map perception through experimental graphic semiology

    Flood Risk Management

    2009

    Abstract anzeigen

    Flood risk map perception through experimental graphic semiology S. Fuchs Institute of Mountain Risk Engineering, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria W. Dorner & K. Spachinger Department of Civil Engineering, University of Applied Sciences, Deggendorf, Germany J. Rochman & K. Serrhini UMR CNRS 6173, University of Tours, Tours, France The procedure of risk assessment emerged as an appropriate tool to analyse the impacts resulting from natural hazards. However, despite from a considerable amount of approaches and guidelines, only little work has been carried out with respect to the harmonisation of risk mapping, the information necessary, and the required quantification of possible impacts on decision-makers. A particular gap exists with respect to the perception of information provided in risk mapping for different stakeholder groups. Within the RISKCATCH project, risk maps were created for catchments located in the Alps and the related forelands. Based on the assessment of historical and possible future development of hazard, values at risk and vulnerability, these maps were created on different scales using scenario technique. The information cre- ated was evaluated by presenting the maps to several stakeholder groups, above all political decision makers, practitioners and laypersons from European countries, using the method of graphic semiology. As a result, pos- sible improvements in design and content of such information were deduced. The respective hydrological processes (precipitation, land use, geomorphology) and the rivers (structure, flood plain and flood defence) were analysed on a regional and temporal scale for three catchments in the Austrian Alps and two catchments in the German alpine foreland. Existing data of synthetic floods derived from hydrological models in combination with stream routing was linked with data of real flood and debris flow events to analyse the relations between precipitation and the development of hazards in the river system. Based on the modelling results of defined design events, the associated damage potential was assessed. Multi- temporal data on damage of previous inundations and data on the associated damage potential in the test sites was collected and edited for the use within a GIS-environment. The elements at risk—which were defined as those buildings within the test sites located in endangered area—were analysed with respect to their spatial location and extension using GIS. Intersecting this information, risk maps were generated on different scales in order to analyse possible improvements in information content and design. To quantify risk perception, the maps were presented to a group of stakeholders from different European countries. The method used was based on the approach of experimental graphic semiology, reversing the tradi- tional communication pattern from transmitter to receiver. Starting from receiver, the maps were presented to the test persons using an ophthalmic device for the record of eye movements during picture reading. The test was accompanied by a specific survey; hence, the cognitive perception of risk maps was evaluated. All maps were presented to the test persons for a relatively short time period to identify the most attractive components of each map. The eye movements were subsequently statistically analysed in order to assess patterns of visual perception for each map and to study the reading behaviour for text elements included in the maps. The visual strategies of each test person were quantified. The study resulted in guidelines of how to include information on natural hazard risk for different stakehold- ers, in particular with respect to visual information contained in risk maps. Thus, the results of the study can be used by administrative bodies for communication strategies within the concept of integral risk management, in particular with respect to non-structural flood mitigation. Keywords : Flood risk management, risk mapping, experimental graphic semiology, European research

    Fraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Jochen Hiller, S. Schindler, T. Fuchs, F. Porsch

    Bestimmung des lokalen räumlichen Auflösungsvermögens eines industriellen Mikro-Computertomographie-Systems (μCT) mit Hilfe einer Modulationsübertragungsfunktion

    VDI-Berichte 2011 - Sensoren und Messsysteme (Ludwigsburg)

    2008

    Bauingenieurwesen und UmwelttechnikElektrotechnik und Medientechnik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    S. Fuchs, Rudolf Metzka, K. Spachinger, Wolfgang Dorner, et al.

    Development of flood risk in mountain catchments and related perception (RISKCATCH)

    CRUE Funding Initiative on Flood Risk Management Research

    2008

    Elektrotechnik und Medientechnik

    Vortrag

    S. Fuchs, K. Serrhini, Wolfgang Dorner, K. Spachinger

    Development of land use, related vulnerability and the interpretation of risk maps by different user groups

    INTERPRAEVENT, Dornbirn, Österreich

    2008

    Elektrotechnik und Medientechnik

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    K. Serrhini, S. Fuchs, K. Spachinger, Wolfgang Dorner

    Evaluation of risk perception using experimental graphic semiology

    Geophysical Research Abstracts, vol. 10

    2008

    Elektrotechnik und Medientechnik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    K. Serrhini, J. Rochman, S. Fuchs, Wolfgang Dorner, K. Spachinger

    Sémiologie graphique expérimentale et cartographie du risque d’inondation

    Actes de l’Atelier "Systèmes d’Information et de Décision pour l’Environnement", Cemagref, Fontainebleau, Frankreich

    2008

    Elektrotechnik und Medientechnik

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Wolfgang Dorner, S. Fuchs, K. Serrhini

    Development of flood risk in mountain catchments and related perception

    Geophysical Research Abstracts, vol. 9

    2007

    Abstract anzeigen

    The RISKCATCH project aims to deliver new, practical and viable solutions for anintegrated risk-assessment-based management of natural hazards in Alpine environments and related forelands. A special focus is on the interaction of technical and non-technical measures during recent flood events in catchment areas. Comparing the status quo and historical development of risk and forecasting possible future developments based on scenarios, necessary action will be derived and efficiency of non-technical measures of flood defence will be evaluated. Based on the assessment of historical and possible future development of hazard, values at risk and vulnerability, non-technical measures will be evaluatedfrom an economic and technical point of view using scenario technique, cost-benefit analysis and cost comparison method. With respect to different scenarios of the temporal development of risk, maps will be generated and assessed with respect to its perception, using the method of graphic semiology. Graphic semiology is an innovative tool to evaluate such information, and is based on thestatistical analysis of eye movements of test persons exposed to visual information.

    Bauingenieurwesen und UmwelttechnikElektrotechnik und Medientechnik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Wolfgang Dorner, K. Spachinger, Rudolf Metzka, S. Fuchs, K. Serrhini

    Development of land use and flood risk - analysis, assessment, measures

    Proceedings of the 10th International Riversymposium & Environmental Flows Conference

    2007