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    DigitalAngewandte InformatikTC Plattling MoMo

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    O. Birbach, U. Frese, Berthold Bäuml

    Rapid calibration of a multi-sensorial humanoid’s upper body: An automatic and self-contained approach

    The International Journal of Robotics Research, vol. 34, no. 4-5, pp. 420-436

    2015

    DOI: 10.1177/0278364914548201

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    This paper addresses the problem of calibrating a pair of cameras, a Microsoft Kinect sensor and an inertial measurement unit (IMU) mounted at the head of a humanoid robot with respect to its kinematic chain. As complex manipulation tasks require an accurate interplay of all involved sensors, the quality of calibration is crucial for the outcome of the intended tasks. Typical procedures for calibrating are often time-consuming, involve multiple people overseeing a series of subsequent calibration steps and require external tools. We therefore propose to auto-calibrate all sensors in a single, completely automatic and self-contained procedure, i.e. without a calibration plate. By automatically detecting a single point feature on each wrist while moving the robot’s head, the stereo cameras’, the Kinect’s infrared camera’s intrinsic and extrinsic and an IMU’s extrinsic parameters are calibrated while considering the arm joint elasticities and joint angle offsets. All parameters are obtained by formulating the calibration problem as a single least-squares batch-optimization problem. The procedure is integrated on DLR’s humanoid robot Agile Justin allowing to obtain an accurate calibration in around 5 minutes by simply “pushing a button”. The proposed approach is experimentally validated by means of standard metrics of the calibration errors.