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Suche nach „[Nagl] [Wolfgang]“ hat 3 Publikationen gefunden
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    Angewandte Wirtschaftswissenschaften

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Wolfgang Nagl, R. Lehmann

    Explaining spatial patterns of foreign employment in Germany

    Regional Studies, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 991-1003

    2019

    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2018.1515479

    Abstract anzeigen

    This paper investigates the main determinants of the representation of foreign employees across German regions. Since migration determinants are not necessarily the same for workers of different nationalities, spatial patterns are explained not only for total foreign employment but also for the 35 most important migration countries to Germany. Based on a total census for all 402 German districts, the paper starts by showing the spatial distributions of workers with different nationalities and explains the emerging patterns by spatial error models. Although large heterogeneity in determinants across nationalities are found, similarities between country groups prevail. Economic conditions matter for most nationalities, whereas the importance of amenities and openness differ.

    Angewandte Wirtschaftswissenschaften

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Wolfgang Nagl, T. Hanappi

    Retirement Behaviour in Austria: Effects of Incentives on Old‐Age Labour Supply

    Fiscal Studies - The Journal of Applied Public Economics, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 301-328

    2019

    DOI: 10.1111/1475-5890.12193

    Abstract anzeigen

    We provide an extensive analysis of retirement behaviour in Austria with a special focus on the role of incentives delivered by the tax and benefit system in determining individual retirement decisions. A comprehensive microsimulation model of the Austrian pension system is applied to calculate retirement benefit entitlements and forward‐looking incentive measures (social security wealth, accrual rate, peak and option values) on an individual basis. We use the calculated incentive measures as the main explanatory variables in probit models to explain retirement decisions. We base our microsimulation and estimations on an extensive administrative Austrian data set. These data contain information on more than 300,000 new retirees from the period 2001–11. We provide robust evidence that incentive measures are well suited to explaining individual retirement decisions.

    Angewandte Wirtschaftswissenschaften

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    M. Tir, A. Simonovits, Wolfgang Nagl, W. Keck, E. Granseth

    Negative Correlation between Retirement Age and Contribution Length?

    Oxford Economic Papers, vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 1050-1070

    2019

    DOI: 10.1093/oep/gpy067

    Abstract anzeigen

    Though never stated explicitly, there is a hidden hypothesis that in a normal pension system, the retirement age and the length of contribution are strongly and positively correlated. We compare the time paths of male and female correlation coefficients in Austria, Germany, Hungary and Sweden for several years and categories; and obtain a mixed picture. Hungary and Austria stand out with their strong negative correlation but the remaining two countries cannot boast with strongly positive correlation, either. Further work is needed to understand the significance of our findings but they signal some problems with these systems: heterogeneously fragmented careers and unfair benefit rules.