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Suche nach „[Maschinenbau und Mechatronik]“ hat 717 Publikationen gefunden
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    DigitalNachhaltigFraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Gabriel Herl, Jochen Hiller, A. Maier

    Scanning trajectory optimisation using a quantitative Tuybased local quality estimation for robot-based X-ray computed tomography

    Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation, vol. (Published 21 June 2020), no. 6

    2020

    DOI: 10.1080/10589759.2020.1774579

    Abstract anzeigen

    Robotic CT systems allow complex scanning trajectories. This work presents a workflow to automatically calculate optimised scanning trajectories for robotic CT systems. In particular, as a local quality estimation, this work introduces a quantitative measure to quantify local reconstruction quality based on the Tuy conditions. The proposed method is tested in two summation experiments using an STL model of a motorcycle. In both experiments, a trajectory is calculated using a quantitative Tuy-based local quality estimation and the reconstruction result is then compared to reconstructions using conventional scanning trajectories. The comparison results indicate that the proposed approach automatically finds trajectories that enable 3D reconstructions with high image quality using much less projection data, which allows a significant reduction of scanning time.

    DigitalNachhaltigFraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    A. Stock, Gabriel Herl, T. Sauer, Jochen Hiller

    Edge-preserving compression of CT scans using wavelets

    Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring (The British Institute of Non-Destructive Testing), vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 345-351

    2020

    DOI: 10.1784/insi.2020.62.6.345

    Abstract anzeigen

    This work addresses the subject of efficient storage of computed tomography (CT) data with an emphasis on the quality of surfaces. Industrial dimensional metrology often requires high measurement accuracy and it is shown that this is retained using wavelet-based compression methods. The applied techniques include a tensor product wavelet transform and soft wavelet shrinkage. In these tests, performed on real objects, dimensional CT measurements of compressed and uncompressed volumes were compared. The necessary storage space was reduced significantly with a negligible loss of accuracy. The storage space required for a multi-sphere phantom was decreased to 4.7% (from 638 MB to 30 MB), with an average deviation below 1 μm from the original volume.

    DigitalFraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    F. Heilmeier, R. Koos, Peter Hornberger, Jochen Hiller, K. Weraneck, M. Jakobi, A. Koch, W. Volk

    Calibration of cast-in Fibre-Bragg-Gratings for internal strain measurements in cast aluminium by using neutron diffraction

    Measurement, vol. 163, no. 15 October 2020

    2020

    DOI: 10.1016/j.measurement.2020.107939

    Abstract anzeigen

    Fibre Bragg gratings (FBGs) are utilized to function as internal strain sensors during casting, solidification and cooling of two hypoeutectic Al alloys and technically pure Al. In situ neutron diffraction experiments were conducted simultaneously onsite the STRESS-SPEC instrument at the Research-Neutron Source (MLZ) in Garching. The experimental data correlated with structural finite element simulation and X-ray micro tomography (CT) elucidates the mechanisms of this measurement system. The presented work offers a new practical approach to measure in-situ strains during casting of Al alloys by using FBG-based sensors. The FBG strain results correlate with the Al(311) peak obtained by neutron diffraction which is furthermore used for calibration. The examination of interactions between fibres and surrounding cast Al by finite element simulation and CT of the cast specimens enables the application of the sensors for unequivocal strain measurements in castings as well as the characterization of alloys during solidification.

    DigitalFraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Peter Landstorfer, Gabriel Herl, Jochen Hiller

    Investigation of Non-circular Scanning Trajectories in Robot-based Industrial X-ray Computed Tomography of Multi-material Objects

    16th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics (ICINCO) [29-31 July, 2019; Prague, Czech Republic]

    2019

    DigitalFraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Peter Landstorfer, Jochen Hiller, Matthias Herbst

    Investigation of positioning accuracy of industrial robots for robotic-based X-ray computed tomography

    iCT 2019 9th Conference on Industrial Computed Tomography (iCT) [13-15 February, 2019; Padua, Italy]

    2019

    Abstract anzeigen

    In this research work we investigated the accuracy of a standard industrial robot. We wanted to find out, how accurate an X-RayComputed Tomography (CT) scan can be performed when using such a robot as a manipulator. The accuracy was measuredusing a laser-interferometer. The measured deviations were used to run an X-Ray simulation via Fraunhofer EZRT’s ScorpiusX-Lab. Metrological analysis was performed as a measure for the quality of the simulated CT-scan. The metrological deviationsreflect the feasible accuracy of a CT-scan in a real CT-setup.

    DigitalFraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Gabriel Herl, Jochen Hiller, T. Sauer

    Artifact reduction in X-ray computed tomography by multipositional data fusion using local image quality measures

    iCT 2019 9th Conference on Industrial Computed Tomography (iCT) [13-15 February, 2019; Padua, Italy]

    2019

    Abstract anzeigen

    Metal artifacts are still a major problem in X-ray industrial computed tomography. In order to reduce metal artifacts and increase the image quality of X-ray CT-scans, we suggest using projection data from multiple scans with differently positioned object orientations. We present two different approaches for multipositional CT, which are especially effective for multimaterial objects with high absorbing metal parts. On one hand, we reconstruct the different scans separatly, estimate the local quality of the resulting volumes and then fuse these volumes to an optimized volume. On the other hand, we introduce smART (shrinking merged Algebraic Reconstruction Technique) and merge sinograms of different scans, estimate the reliability of each projection pixel and then reconstruct the merged sinogram with an adapted SART reconstruction method. We demonstrate our approaches on simulations and on measurement data and are able to show a significant reduction of image artifacts qualitatively and quantitatively with the help of dimensional measurement results.

    DigitalFraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Gabriel Herl, Jochen Hiller, Kasperl, S. Maier, A.

    Reduktion von Metallartefakten durch multipositionale Datenfusion in der industriellen Röntgen-Computertomographie

    tm - Technisches Messen, vol. 87, no. 2

    2019

    DOI: 10.1515/teme-2019-0137

    Abstract anzeigen

    Metallartefakte stellen eine große Herausforderung für das Messen mit Röntgen-Computertomographie dar. Dieser Beitrag stellt die Methode der multipositionalen Datenfusion zur Reduktion von Metallartefakten vor. Dazu werden mehrere Scans desselben Objekts bei unterschiedlicher Objekt-positionierung durchgeführt, aufeinander registriert und zur Fusion gemeinsam unter Betrachtung eines lokalen Gütemaßes rekonstruiert. In praxisnahen Experimenten wird der Mehrwert der Methode gezeigt. Insbesondere wird dargestellt, wie mit wenig Aufwand und ohne Vorwissen Kunststoffstrukturen trotz starker Metallartefakte sichtbar gemacht werden können, womit das Verfahren ein Alleinstellungsmerkmal gegenüber den existierenden Metallartefaktreduktionsverfahren aufweist.

    DigitalNachhaltigFraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Peter Hornberger, A. Sigl, Jochen Hiller, S. Zabler

    Kleiner als ein Mikrometer: Entwicklung einer kompakten, hochauflösenden 3D-Röntgen-CT für die Materialanalyse

    VDI-Z (Sonderteil Additive Fertigung)

    2019

    DigitalFraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Borges de Oliveira, F., M. Bartscher, U. Neuschaefer-Rube, R. Tutsch, Jochen Hiller

    Multi-Material Acceptance Testing for CT-Based Coordinate Measurement Systems

    Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Measurement and Quality Control

    2019

    ISBN: 3030181766

    MobilMaschinenbau und MechatronikTC Cham

    Vortrag

    Frank Denk, Continental Automotive GmbH

    Cyberphysische Systeme - Moderne Entwicklungen aus dem Embedded Bereich und der Mechatronik

    Symposium Elektromagnetismus 2019, Stuttgart/Ostfildern

    2019

    MobilMaschinenbau und MechatronikTC Cham

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Frank Denk, Continental Automotive GmbH

    Cyberphysische Systeme - Moderne Entwicklungen aus dem Embedded Bereich und der Mechatronik

    Elektromagnetismus, Esslingen

    2019

    DigitalMaschinenbau und MechatronikTC Cham

    Vortrag

    Ann-Marie Kaufmann, Alexander Stöger

    Projekt etz24: Industrie 4.0 ohne Grenzen

    Posterpräsentation

    6. Tag der Forschung, Deggendorf

    2019

    DigitalMobilMaschinenbau und MechatronikTC Cham

    Vortrag

    Christian Reil

    Seilzugroboter (Projekt grafaRob)

    Posterpräsentation

    6. Tag der Forschung, Deggendorf

    2019

    NachhaltigElektrotechnik und MedientechnikIQMAMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    L. Jiang, Jonas Weber, F. Puglisi, P. Pavan, L. Larcher, Werner Frammelsberger, Günther Benstetter, M. Lanza

    Understanding Current Instabilities in Conductive Atomic Force Microscopy

    Materials, vol. 12, no. 3

    2019

    DOI: 10.3390/ma12030459

    Abstract anzeigen

    Conductive atomic force microscopy (CAFM) is one of the most powerful techniques in studying the electrical properties of various materials at the nanoscale. However, understanding current fluctuations within one study (due to degradation of the probe tips) and from one study to another (due to the use of probe tips with different characteristics), are still two major problems that may drive CAFM researchers to extract wrong conclusions. In this manuscript, these two issues are statistically analyzed by collecting experimental CAFM data and processing them using two different computational models. Our study indicates that: (i) before their complete degradation, CAFM tips show a stable state with degraded conductance, which is difficult to detect and it requires CAFM tip conductivity characterization before and after the CAFM experiments; and (ii) CAFM tips with low spring constants may unavoidably lead to the presence of a ~1.2 nm thick water film at the tip/sample junction, even if the maximum contact force allowed by the setup is applied. These two phenomena can easily drive CAFM users to overestimate the properties of the samples under test (e.g., oxide thickness). Our study can help researchers to better understand the current shifts that were observed during their CAFM experiments, as well as which probe tip to use and how it degrades. Ultimately, this work may contribute to enhancing the reliability of CAFM investigations.

    MobilMaschinenbau und MechatronikTC Cham

    Vortrag

    Frank Denk, Continental Automotive GmbH

    Induktives Laden - Technologien und Standards

    Symposium Elektromagnetismus 2018, Hochschule Heilbronn/Künzelsau

    2018

    MobilMaschinenbau und MechatronikTC Cham

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Frank Denk, Continental Automotive GmbH

    Induktives Laden - Technologien und Standards

    Elektromagnetismus, Esslingen

    2018

    ISBN: 9783943563016

    DigitalFraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    A. Stock, Gabriel Herl, T. Sauer, Jochen Hiller

    Edge preserving compression of CT scans using wavelets

    SHM-NDT 2018 International Symposium on Structural Health Monitoring and Nondestructive Testing 4-5 Oct 2018, Saarbrücken – Germany

    2018

    Abstract anzeigen

    This work addresses the subject of efficient storage of computed tomography (CT) data with an emphasis on the quality of surfaces. Industrial dimensional metrology often requires high measurement accuracy and we show that this is retained using wavelet-based compression methods. The applied techniques include a tensor product wavelet transform and soft wavelet shrinkage. In our tests on real objects, we compared dimensional CT measurements of compressed and uncompressed volumes. We were able to reduce the necessary storage space significantly with a minimal loss of accuracy. For a multi sphere phantom, we decreased the storage space to 4.7% (from 638 MB to 30 MB) with an average deviation below 1 µm from the original volume.

    DigitalFraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    A. Stock, Gabriel Herl, T. Sauer, Jochen Hiller

    Metal artifact reduction by fusion of CT scans from different positions using the unfiltered backprojection

    iCT 2018 8th Conference on Industrial Computed Tomography (iCT) 2018, 6-9 Feb, Wels, Austria

    2018

    Abstract anzeigen

    Metal objects or metal parts in an object are still a major problem of X-ray computed tomography (CT) because of so called metal artifacts. We propose a new method – a multipositional data fusion – for automatically fusing multiple CT volumes from different positions to reduce these metal artifacts. After scanning a specimen several times at different positions and reconstruction of every scan (e.g. by the filtered backprojection), we also perform an unfiltered backprojection. Based on the assumption that metal artifacts occur the most wherever X-rays are attenuated a lot, the unfiltered backprojection is used to autonomously estimate the likelihood of metal artifacts in every voxel of every scan. The different volumes are registered and then fused by weighted sum preferring the voxels with low values in the unfiltered backprojection results. In our tests on real objects, our method fully automatically created optimized volumes with significantly less metal artifacts. The multipositional data fusion was compared to the commercially multi spectra fusion of Werth Messtechnik GmbH and outperformed it in one of the use cases.

    DigitalFraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Vortrag

    Gabriel Herl, Simon Rettenberger, Jochen Hiller, T. Sauer

    Metal artifact reduction by fusion of CT scans from different positions using the unfiltered backprojection

    8th Conference on Industrial Computed Tomography (iCT 2018), Wels, Österreich

    2018

    Abstract anzeigen

    Metal objects or metal parts in an object are still a major problem of X-ray computed tomography (CT) because of so called metal artifacts. We propose a new method – a multipositional data fusion – for automatically fusing multiple CT volumes from different positions to reduce these metal artifacts. After scanning a specimen several times at different positions and reconstruction of every scan (e.g. by the filtered backprojection), we also perform an unfiltered backprojection. Based on the assumption that metal artifacts occur the most wherever X-rays are attenuated a lot, the unfiltered backprojection is used to autonomously estimate the likelihood of metal artifacts in every voxel of every scan. The different volumes are registered and then fused by weighted sum preferring the voxels with low values in the unfiltered backprojection results. In our tests on real objects, our method fully automatically created optimized volumes with significantly less metal artifacts. The multipositional data fusion was compared to the commercially multi spectra fusion of Werth Messtechnik GmbH and outperformed it in one of the use cases.

    DigitalFraunhofer AWZ CTMTMaschinenbau und Mechatronik

    Vortrag

    A. Stock, Gabriel Herl, T. Sauer, Jochen Hiller

    Edge preserving compression of CT scans using wavelets

    International Symposium on Structural Health Monitoring and Nondestructive Testing, Saarbrücken

    2018

    Abstract anzeigen

    This work addresses the subject of efficient storage of computed tomography (CT) data with an emphasis on the quality of surfaces. Industrial dimensional metrology often requires high measurement accuracy and we show that this is retained using wavelet-based compression methods. The applied techniques include a tensor product wavelet transform and soft wavelet shrinkage. In our tests on real objects, we compared dimensional CT measurements of compressed and uncompressed volumes. We were able to reduce the necessary storage space significantly with a minimal loss of accuracy. For a multi sphere phantom, we decreased the storage space to 4.7% (from 638 MB to 30 MB) with an average deviation below 1 µm from the original volume.