Publikationen


Suche nach „[Gesund]“ hat 252 Publikationen gefunden
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    GesundEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    T. Talanow, Anna-Maria Kasparbauer, J. Lippold, B. Weber, U. Ettinger

    Neural Correlates of Proactive and Reactive Inhibition of Saccadic Eye Movements

    Brain Imaging and Behavior, vol. 14, pp. 72-88

    2020

    DOI: 10.1007/s11682-018-9972-3

    Abstract anzeigen

    Although research on goal-directed, proactive inhibitory control (IC) and stimulus-driven, reactive IC is growing, no previous study has compared proactive IC in conditions of uncertainty with regard to upcoming inhibition to conditions of certain upcoming IC. Therefore, we investigated effects of certainty and uncertainty on behavior and blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal in proactive and reactive IC. In two studies, healthy adults performed saccadic go/no-go and prosaccade/antisaccade tasks. The certainty manipulation had a highly significant behavioral effect in both studies, with inhibitory control being more successful under certain than uncertain conditions on both tasks (p ≤ 0.001). Saccadic go responses were significantly less efficient under conditions of uncertainty than certain responding (p < 0.001). Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) (one study) revealed a dissociation of certainty- and uncertainty-related proactive inhibitory neural correlates in the go/no-go task, with lateral and medial prefrontal and occipital cortex showing stronger deactivations during uncertainty than during certain upcoming inhibition, and lateral parietal cortex being activated more strongly during certain upcoming inhibition than uncertainty or certain upcoming responding. In the antisaccade task, proactive BOLD effects arose due to stronger deactivations in uncertain response conditions of both tasks and before certain prosaccades than antisaccades. Reactive inhibition-related BOLD increases occurred in inferior parietal cortex and supramarginal gyrus (SMG) in the go/no-go task only. Proactive IC may imply focusing attention on the external environment for encoding salient or alerting events as well as inhibitory mechanisms that reduce potentially distracting neural processes. SMG and inferior parietal cortex may play an important role in both proactive and reactive IC of saccades.

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Stephanie Hecht

    Bewegungsbezogene Gesundheitskompetenz (bGK). Die Vermittlung von bGK in der Lehre für eine qualitativ hochwertige Klientenversorgung

    PADUA - Die Fachzeitschrift für Pflegepädagogik, Patientenedukation und -bildung, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1-7

    2020

    DOI: 10.1024/1861-6186/a000529

    Abstract anzeigen

    Regelmäßige körperliche Aktivität birgt enorme gesundheitsförderliche Wirkungen. Ein Großteil der Bevölkerung erreicht jedoch die Mindestempfehlungen für Bewegung nicht. Das Konstrukt Bewegungsbezogene Gesundheitskompetenz adaptiert Ressourcen und Barrieren, um körperliche Aktivität bestmöglich zu initiieren und zu verstetigen. Die Umsetzung verlangt hoch kompetente Gesundheitsexperten, die unterschiedliche Handlungsansätze für die Bedarfe einer Zielgruppe bzw. eines Menschen entwickeln.

    DigitalGesundAngewandte Informatik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    L. Trestioreanu, Patrick Glauner, J. Meira, M. Gindt, R. State

    Using Augmented Reality and Machine Learning in Radiology

    Innovative Technologies for Market Leadership: Investing in the Future

    2020

    ISBN: 978-3-030-41308-8

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Bernhard Bleyer

    Casuistry: On a Method of Ethical Judgement in Patient Care

    HealthCare Ethics Committee (HEC) Forum, no. Published 09 March 2020, pp. 1-16

    2020

    DOI: 10.1007/s10730-020-09396-7

    Abstract anzeigen

    The article is dedicated to the application questions of a case study method known as casuistry. In its long tradition, it focuses on an influential variant of the early modern period and reconstructs its functionality. In the course of reading recent receptions, it is noted that some studies speak of a “casuistic revival” in moral case deliberation in health care. As a result of this revival, casuistry has been modified in such a way that it guides case discussions in practice with the help of a tripartite methodology (morphology, taxonomy, and kinetics). However, as it turns out, casuistry, a case comparison method of ethical judgement based on reasoning logic, is less suitable for moral case deliberations in direct patient care. This stems from the fact that casuistry is a detailed procedure of ethical learning beneficial to institutionalized ethics committees or similar forms of ethics consultation in health care.

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    N. Schmidkonz, Doris Eberhardt

    Mit Leadership zur personenzentrierten Vermittlung von Gesundheitsinformationen

    Ein Praxisentwicklungsprojekt zur Förderung selbständiger Bewegung nach Kniegelenksimplantation

    PADUA - Die Fachzeitschrift für Pflegepädagogik, Patientenedukation und -bildung, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 31-37

    2020

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    C. Kölblin, Doris Eberhardt

    Bedürfnisgerechte Information von Angehörigen kritisch Kranker

    Eine Analyse des Informationsangebots auf Webseiten bayrischer Intensivstationen

    PADUA - Die Fachzeitschrift für Pflegepädagogik, Patientenedukation und -bildung, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 15-22

    2020

    GesundEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    I. Meyhöfer, Anna-Maria Kasparbauer, M. Steffens, U. Ettinger

    Effects of nicotine on smooth pursuit eye movements in healthy non-smokers

    Psychopharmacology, vol. 236, pp. 2259-2271

    2019

    DOI: 10.1007/s00213-019-05223-1

    Abstract anzeigen

    Rationale The non-selective nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonist nicotine has been argued to improve attention via enhanced filtering of irrelevant stimuli. Here, we tested this hypothesis in the context of smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEMs), an oculomotor function previously shown to improve with nicotine in some but not all studies. Objectives In order to test whether nicotine improves performance particularly when the inhibition of distracting stimuli is required, SPEM was elicited in conditions with or without peripheral distractors. Additionally, different target frequencies were employed in order to parametrically vary general processing demands on the SPEM system. Methods Healthy adult non-smokers (N = 18 females, N = 13 males) completed a horizontal sinusoidal SPEM task at different target frequencies (0.2 Hz, 0.4 Hz, 0.6 Hz) in the presence or absence of peripheral distractors in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over design using a 2 mg nicotine gum. Results Nicotine increased peak pursuit gain relative to placebo (p < .001), but an interaction with distractor condition (p = .001) indicated that this effect was most pronounced in the presence of distractors. Catch-up saccade frequency was reduced by nicotine (p = .01), particularly at higher target frequencies (two-way interaction, p = .04). However, a three-way interaction (p = .006) indicated that the reduction with nicotine was strongest at the highest target frequency (0.6 Hz) only without distractors, whereas in the presence of distractors, it was strongest at 0.4-Hz target frequency. There were no effects of nicotine on subjective state measures. Conclusions Together, these findings support a role of both distractor inhibition and general processing load in the effects of nicotine on smooth pursuit.

    GesundEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Anna-Maria Kasparbauer, N. Petrovsky, P.-M. Schmidt, P. Trautner, B. Weber, B. Sträter, U. Ettinger

    Effects of Nicotine and Atomoxetine on Brain Function During Response Inhibition

    European Neuropsychopharmacology, vol. 29, no. 2 (February), pp. 235-246

    2019

    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2018.12.004

    Abstract anzeigen

    The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonist nicotine and the noradrenaline transporter inhibitor atomoxetine are widely studied substances due to their propensity to alleviate cognitive deficits in psychiatric and neurological patients and their beneficial effects on some aspects of cognitive functions in healthy individuals. However, despite growing evidence of acetylcholine-noradrenaline interactions, there are only very few direct comparisons of the two substances. Here, we investigated the effects of nicotine and atomoxetine on response inhibition in the stop-signal task and we characterised the neural correlates of these effects using blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at 3T. Nicotine (7 mg dermal patch) and atomoxetine (60 mg per os) were applied to N = 26 young, healthy adults in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over, within-subjects design. BOLD images were collected during a stop-signal task that controlled for infrequency of stop trials. There were no drug effects on behavioural performance or subjective state measures. However, there was a pronounced upregulation of activation in bilateral prefrontal and left parietal cortex following nicotine during successful compared to unsuccessful stop trials. The effect of nicotine on BOLD during failed stop trials was correlated across individuals with a measure of trait impulsivity. Atomoxetine, however, had no discernible effects on BOLD. We conclude that nicotine effects on brain function during inhibitory control are most pronounced in individuals with higher levels of impulsivity. This finding is compatible with previous evidence of nicotine effects on stop-signal task performance in highly impulsive individuals and implicates the nAChR in the neural basis of impulsivity.

    GesundMobilEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Vortrag

    Marcus Herntrei, Georg Steckenbauer

    The Bavarian Spa Destinations - New markets and products in the context of wellness and health

    Tourism Naturally Conference 2019, Buxton, United Kingdom

    2019

    DigitalGesundAngewandte WirtschaftswissenschaftenGMRC

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Josef Scherer

    Healthcare und Pflege 4.0 – Die digitale Transformation von Compliance, Risikomanagement und Standards im Gesundheitswesen.

    Teil 4: "Wirksamkeit" eines (Compliance-) Risiko-Managementsystems mit Digitalisierung und "nudges"

    JMG Journal für Medizin- und Gesundheitsrecht

    2019

    DigitalGesundAngewandte WirtschaftswissenschaftenGMRC

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Josef Scherer

    Healthcare und Pflege 4.0 – Die digitale Transformation von Compliance, Risikomanagement und Standards im Gesundheitswesen.

    Teil 3: Integration von Standards in digitalisierte, vernetzte Managementsysteme

    JMG Journal für Medizin- und Gesundheitsrecht

    2019

    DigitalGesundAngewandte WirtschaftswissenschaftenGMRC

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Josef Scherer

    Healthcare und Pflege 4.0 – Die digitale Transformation von Compliance, Risikomanagement und Standards im Gesundheitswesen.

    Teil 2: Organhaftung und Beweislast bei Verstoß gegen Regeln der Technik

    JMG Journal für Medizin- und Gesundheitsrecht

    2019

    DigitalGesundAngewandte WirtschaftswissenschaftenGMRC

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Josef Scherer

    Healthcare und Pflege 4.0 – Die digitale Transformation von Compliance, Risikomanagement und Standards im Gesundheitswesen. Teil 1

    JMG Journal für Medizin- und Gesundheitsrecht

    2019

    GesundNachhaltigEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    S. Markov, Georg Steckenbauer, Markus Pillmayer, Marcus Herntrei

    Austria: The forest as a touristic landscape

    International Handbook of Forest Therapy

    2019

    ISBN: 978-1-5275-3955-6

    GesundNachhaltigEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Georg Steckenbauer, R. Weisböck-Erdheim, S. Tischler, C. Pichler, A. Hartl

    Nutzung und Inszenierung natürlicher Ressourcen im Gesundheitstourismus

    Experience Design im Tourismus – eine Branche im Wandel, Wiesbaden

    2019

    ISBN: 978-3-658-24512-2

    DigitalGesundAngewandte InformatikTC Grafenau

    Vortrag

    Gudrun Fischer

    Impulsvortrag MeDiLand

    Digitale Städte Digitale Regionen Kongress, Hanau

    2019

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Vortrag

    Melanie Kappelmann-Fenzl, C. Gebhardt, A. Matthies, S. Kuphal, M. Rehli, A. Bosserhoff

    C-Jun drives melanoma progression in PTEN wild type melanoma cells

    German Conference on Bioinformatics 2019, Heidelberg

    2019

    GesundAngewandte GesundheitswissenschaftenInstitut Betriebliches Gesundheitsmanagement u. Arbeitssicherheit

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Stephan Gronwald

    Emotionen bestimmen die Belastung - Die Grenzen isolierter Betrachtungsweisen

    Kommentierung von: Magnon V, Vallet GT, Auxiette C: Sedentary Behavior at Work and Cognitive Functioning: A Systematic Review. Front Public Health 2018;6:239

    Complementary Medicine Research (Journal Club), vol. 26, pp. 56-57

    2019

    DOI: 10.1159/000497030

    GesundAngewandte GesundheitswissenschaftenInstitut Betriebliches Gesundheitsmanagement u. Arbeitssicherheit

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Stephan Gronwald, Jasmin Weber

    Systemtheoretische Kausalität im modernen Arbeits- und Gesundheitsschutz: Konsequenzen für das Prozessmanagement

    Forschungsbericht 2018/2019 der Technischen Hochschule Deggendorf, Deggendorf

    2019

    GesundAngewandte Gesundheitswissenschaften

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Stephan Gronwald, Jasmin Weber

    Die Bedürfnisse im Fokus oder wie das (Arbeits-)Leben aus dem Gleichgewicht kommt

    Hochschulmagazin Untertitel, vol. 2019

    2019