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Suche nach „[Europan Campus Rottal-Inn]“ hat 554 Publikationen gefunden
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    GesundEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    T. Talanow, Anna-Maria Kasparbauer, J. Lippold, B. Weber, U. Ettinger

    Neural Correlates of Proactive and Reactive Inhibition of Saccadic Eye Movements

    Brain Imaging and Behavior, vol. 14, pp. 72-88

    2020

    DOI: 10.1007/s11682-018-9972-3

    Abstract anzeigen

    Although research on goal-directed, proactive inhibitory control (IC) and stimulus-driven, reactive IC is growing, no previous study has compared proactive IC in conditions of uncertainty with regard to upcoming inhibition to conditions of certain upcoming IC. Therefore, we investigated effects of certainty and uncertainty on behavior and blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal in proactive and reactive IC. In two studies, healthy adults performed saccadic go/no-go and prosaccade/antisaccade tasks. The certainty manipulation had a highly significant behavioral effect in both studies, with inhibitory control being more successful under certain than uncertain conditions on both tasks (p ≤ 0.001). Saccadic go responses were significantly less efficient under conditions of uncertainty than certain responding (p < 0.001). Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) (one study) revealed a dissociation of certainty- and uncertainty-related proactive inhibitory neural correlates in the go/no-go task, with lateral and medial prefrontal and occipital cortex showing stronger deactivations during uncertainty than during certain upcoming inhibition, and lateral parietal cortex being activated more strongly during certain upcoming inhibition than uncertainty or certain upcoming responding. In the antisaccade task, proactive BOLD effects arose due to stronger deactivations in uncertain response conditions of both tasks and before certain prosaccades than antisaccades. Reactive inhibition-related BOLD increases occurred in inferior parietal cortex and supramarginal gyrus (SMG) in the go/no-go task only. Proactive IC may imply focusing attention on the external environment for encoding salient or alerting events as well as inhibitory mechanisms that reduce potentially distracting neural processes. SMG and inferior parietal cortex may play an important role in both proactive and reactive IC of saccades.

    MobilNachhaltigEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Sonstiges

    Georg Steckenbauer

    Tourism Naturally Conference (TNC) 2020

    Session Chair/Member of the Scientific Committee. Colorado State University; University of Derby; Technische Hochschule Deggendorf; University of Sunderland; Central China Normal University; Università di Pisa

    2020

    GesundEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Vortrag

    Georgi Chaltikyan

    Digital Health Revolution: Has the Future of Medicine Arrived Yet?

    Keynote

    7th IEEE International Conference on e-Health and Bioengineering (EHB): Smarter technology for a better health, Iași, Romania

    2019

    GesundEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    I. Meyhöfer, Anna-Maria Kasparbauer, M. Steffens, U. Ettinger

    Effects of nicotine on smooth pursuit eye movements in healthy non-smokers

    Psychopharmacology, vol. 236, pp. 2259-2271

    2019

    DOI: 10.1007/s00213-019-05223-1

    Abstract anzeigen

    Rationale The non-selective nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonist nicotine has been argued to improve attention via enhanced filtering of irrelevant stimuli. Here, we tested this hypothesis in the context of smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEMs), an oculomotor function previously shown to improve with nicotine in some but not all studies. Objectives In order to test whether nicotine improves performance particularly when the inhibition of distracting stimuli is required, SPEM was elicited in conditions with or without peripheral distractors. Additionally, different target frequencies were employed in order to parametrically vary general processing demands on the SPEM system. Methods Healthy adult non-smokers (N = 18 females, N = 13 males) completed a horizontal sinusoidal SPEM task at different target frequencies (0.2 Hz, 0.4 Hz, 0.6 Hz) in the presence or absence of peripheral distractors in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over design using a 2 mg nicotine gum. Results Nicotine increased peak pursuit gain relative to placebo (p < .001), but an interaction with distractor condition (p = .001) indicated that this effect was most pronounced in the presence of distractors. Catch-up saccade frequency was reduced by nicotine (p = .01), particularly at higher target frequencies (two-way interaction, p = .04). However, a three-way interaction (p = .006) indicated that the reduction with nicotine was strongest at the highest target frequency (0.6 Hz) only without distractors, whereas in the presence of distractors, it was strongest at 0.4-Hz target frequency. There were no effects of nicotine on subjective state measures. Conclusions Together, these findings support a role of both distractor inhibition and general processing load in the effects of nicotine on smooth pursuit.

    GesundEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Anna-Maria Kasparbauer, N. Petrovsky, P.-M. Schmidt, P. Trautner, B. Weber, B. Sträter, U. Ettinger

    Effects of Nicotine and Atomoxetine on Brain Function During Response Inhibition

    European Neuropsychopharmacology, vol. 29, no. 2 (February), pp. 235-246

    2019

    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2018.12.004

    Abstract anzeigen

    The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonist nicotine and the noradrenaline transporter inhibitor atomoxetine are widely studied substances due to their propensity to alleviate cognitive deficits in psychiatric and neurological patients and their beneficial effects on some aspects of cognitive functions in healthy individuals. However, despite growing evidence of acetylcholine-noradrenaline interactions, there are only very few direct comparisons of the two substances. Here, we investigated the effects of nicotine and atomoxetine on response inhibition in the stop-signal task and we characterised the neural correlates of these effects using blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at 3T. Nicotine (7 mg dermal patch) and atomoxetine (60 mg per os) were applied to N = 26 young, healthy adults in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over, within-subjects design. BOLD images were collected during a stop-signal task that controlled for infrequency of stop trials. There were no drug effects on behavioural performance or subjective state measures. However, there was a pronounced upregulation of activation in bilateral prefrontal and left parietal cortex following nicotine during successful compared to unsuccessful stop trials. The effect of nicotine on BOLD during failed stop trials was correlated across individuals with a measure of trait impulsivity. Atomoxetine, however, had no discernible effects on BOLD. We conclude that nicotine effects on brain function during inhibitory control are most pronounced in individuals with higher levels of impulsivity. This finding is compatible with previous evidence of nicotine effects on stop-signal task performance in highly impulsive individuals and implicates the nAChR in the neural basis of impulsivity.

    NachhaltigEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Robert Feicht, Jennifer Huber, Anna Marquardt

    Education for Sustainable Development – approaches by the InnoLab for Sustainability at the European Campus Rottal-Inn

    Bavarian Journal of Applied Sciences (Spotlights section), vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 486-493

    2019

    DOI: 10.25929/bjas.v5i1.69

    GesundMobilEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Vortrag

    Marcus Herntrei

    Closing the gap between medical evidence and marketable products. A model for the future in the training of employees in health tourism?

    ITB Medical Tourism Conference; ITB Convention, Berlin

    2019

    GesundMobilEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Vortrag

    Marcus Herntrei

    Experience from a practice-oriented study programme: from medical evidence to marketable products in health tourism

    Annual Congress of the European Spas Association (ESPA), Tuhelj, Kroatien

    2019

    MobilEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Vortrag

    Marcus Herntrei, N. Scherle, Y. Tsvilik

    Konzeption und Implementierung von Destinationsmarken unter besonderer Berücksichtigung einer nachhaltigen Bürgerbeteiligung

    23. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Tourismuswirtschaft e.V.: "Zukunft des Tourismus im ländlichen Raum", Deggendorf

    2019

    GesundMobilEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Vortrag

    Marcus Herntrei, Markus Pillmayer, N. Scherle

    Prävention als zentraler Erfolgsfaktor zur Neupositionierung deutscher Kur- und Heilbäder vor dem Hintergrund aktueller Gesundheitsreformen

    23. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Tourismuswirtschaft e.V.: "Zukunft des Tourismus im ländlichen Raum", Deggendorf

    2019

    MobilNachhaltigEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Sonstiges

    Georg Steckenbauer

    Tourism Naturally Conference (TNC) 2019

    2019

    GesundMobilEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Vortrag

    Marcus Herntrei, Georg Steckenbauer

    The Bavarian Spa Destinations - New markets and products in the context of wellness and health

    Tourism Naturally Conference 2019, Buxton, United Kingdom

    2019

    GesundNachhaltigEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    S. Markov, Georg Steckenbauer, Markus Pillmayer, Marcus Herntrei

    Austria: The forest as a touristic landscape

    International Handbook of Forest Therapy

    2019

    ISBN: 978-1-5275-3955-6

    GesundNachhaltigEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Georg Steckenbauer, R. Weisböck-Erdheim, S. Tischler, C. Pichler, A. Hartl

    Nutzung und Inszenierung natürlicher Ressourcen im Gesundheitstourismus

    Experience Design im Tourismus – eine Branche im Wandel, Wiesbaden

    2019

    ISBN: 978-3-658-24512-2

    NachhaltigEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    N. Scherle, Markus Pillmayer, Marcus Herntrei

    Die Umwidmung von Beherbergungsbetrieben in Flüchtlingsunterkünfte: Ausgewählte empirische Befunde

    Tourismus und Gesellschaft. Kontakte - Konflikte - Konzepte, vol. Band 24

    2019

    ISBN: 978-3-503-18850-5

    NachhaltigEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Marcus Herntrei

    Tourist go home! Beobachtungen zu Overtourism und einer sinkenden Tourismusakzeptanz in Europa. Welche Folgen ergeben sich für Wissenschaft und Praxis?

    Destination und Lebensraum, Wiesbaden

    2019

    ISBN: 978-3-658-28109-0

    NachhaltigEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Vortrag

    Michael Laar

    Diálogo sobre Eficiência Energética – Simulações computacionais - uma introdução (Building performance simulation – an introduction).

    2019

    NachhaltigEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Vortrag

    Michael Laar

    Diálogo sobre Eficiência Energética – uma introdução | Contextualização Internacional - a abordagem alemã | Out-of-the-box - Estudo de Caso

    Diálogos sobre Eficiência Energética, Brasília DF, Brazil

    2019

    MobilEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Katerina Volchek, A. Liu, H. Song, D. Buhalis

    Forecasting tourist arrivals at attractions: Search engine empowered methodologies

    Tourism Economics, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 425-447

    2019

    DOI: 10.1177/1354816618811558

    Abstract anzeigen

    Tourist decision to visit attractions is a complex process influenced by multiple factors of individual context. This study investigates how the accuracy of tourism demand forecasting can be improved at the micro level. The number of visits to five London museums is forecast and the predictive powers of Naïve I, seasonal Naïve, seasonal autoregressive moving average, seasonal autoregressive moving average with explanatory variables, SARMAX-mixed frequency data sampling and artificial neural network models are compared. The empirical findings extend understanding of different types of data and forecasting algorithms to the level of specific attractions. Introducing the Google Trends index on pure time-series models enhances the forecasts of the volume of arrivals to attractions. However, none of the applied models outperforms the others in all situations. Different models’ forecasting accuracy varies for short- and long-term demand predictions. The application of higher frequency search query data allows for the generation of weekly predictions, which are essential for attraction- and destination-level planning.

    MobilEuropan Campus Rottal-Inn

    Zeitschriftenartikel

    Katerina Volchek, Law, R., Buhalis, D., H. Song

    The Good, the bad, and the ugly: Tourist perceptions on interactions with personalised content

    e-Review of Tourism Research, vol. 16, no. 2-3, pp. 62-67

    2019

    Abstract anzeigen

    Personalisation is a critical factor in superior customer experience and retention. It is also observed to be acause ofuserfrustration. This paper challenges the assumption that accurate content personalisation always positively affects tourist perceptions on the usefulness and ease of use of the information systems. The study integrates the logic of technology acceptance and the process of human motivation to explain personalised recommender system acceptance. In-depthsemi-structuredinterviews with tourists, industry practitioners, and academic experts were used in research. The findings illustrate that the characteristics of personalised content have double and, sometimes, ambivalent influence on tourist perceptions on system performance. A comprehensive strategy is required to optimise the potential of personalisation. This study expands the understanding of tourist interactions with personalised content and calls for further exploration of the effects of information system components on user experience.