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    DigitalAngewandte Informatik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Heribert Popp, Monica I. Ciolacu, Leon Binder

    Education 4.0: IoT- und CoP-unterstützte Smarte E-Learning Prozesse

    Tagungsband zum 19. E-Learning-Tag der FH JOANNEUM: Innovation & Reflexion – Henne oder Ei? , vol. 130

    2020

    Abstract anzeigen

    Studierende erleben im Lernmanagementsystem (LMS) „Moodle“ smarte E-Learning Prozesse in Mathematik- und Wissensmanagement-Kursen. „Smartes E-Learning“ besteht in Anlehnung an „smarte Produkte“ aus einer physischen, einer intelligenten und einer Vernetzungs-Komponente. Vernetzt sind die StudentInnen mit dem LMS einerseits in „Communities of Practice“ (CoP) zur Reflexion und andererseits über die Sensoren ihrer Smartphones oder Smartwatches (physische Komponente). Damit lässt sich dieses Lernumfeld der Kategorie “Internet of Things” (IoT) zuordnen. Im Lernprozess können die eingebetteten Sensoren mit den Biosignalen „Puls“ (HR) und „Herzfrequenzvariabilität“ (HRV) zur Selbstreflexion der Lernenden, zur Steuerung des Lernsystems und zur Personalisierung des Nutzungserlebnisses dienen. Erste Tests fanden u.a. Korrelationen zwischen erreichten Punkten in den Kontrollfragen und den Werten der Biosignale. Als intelligente Komponenten sind BenutzerInnenmodellierung, Chatbot, maschinelles Lernen usw. bei „Education 4.0“ im Einsatz.

    DigitalAngewandte Informatik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Monica I. Ciolacu, Ali Fallah Tehrani, P. M. Svasta, I. Tache, D. Stoichescu

    Education 4.0: An Adaptive Framework with Artificial Intelligence, Raspberry Pi and Wearables- Innovation for Creating Value

    [In Press]

    Proceedings of the 2020 IEEE 26th International Symposium for Design and Technology in Electronic Packaging (SIITME)

    2020

    DigitalAngewandte Informatik

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Monica I. Ciolacu, P. M. Svasta, D. Hartl, S. Görzen

    Education 4.0: Smart Blended Learning assisted by Artificial Intelligence, Biofeedback and Sensors

    [In Press]

    Proceedings of the 2020 IEEE 14th International Symposium on Electronics and Telecommunications (ISETC2020)

    2020

    DigitalAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenIPH Teisnach

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Felix Sepaintner, Andreas Scharl, Florian Keck, Kevin Kunze, Franz Xaver Röhrl, Werner Bogner, Stefan Zorn

    Cost-Effective Implementation of Air-Filled Waveguides on Printed Circuit Boards

    [Invited Talk]

    Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems (EPEPS)

    2020

    DOI: 10.1109/EPEPS48591.2020.9231382

    Abstract anzeigen

    This paper presents a new cost-effective method to produce air-filled waveguides out of a printed circuit board (PCB) with a milling machine and how to implement them with standard PCB technology. For this purpose, low cost substrates like FR-4 are used. For the baseboard to waveguide transition in the E-Band (60-90GHz) a WR12 waveguide connector [1] was used. The WR12 waveguide was manufactured and analyzed on mechanical deviations. The RF performance in the E-Band was measured and compared to common PCB waveguides like microstrip lines (MS) and grounded coplanar waveguides (GCPW).

    DigitalAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenIPH Teisnach

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Felix Sepaintner, Andreas Scharl, Franz Xaver Röhrl, Werner Bogner, Stefan Zorn

    Extracting Complex PCB Substrate Permittivity from a Transmission Line using the Finite Difference Integral Method from 10 GHz - 100 GHz

    [Invited Talk]

    Proceedings of the 2020 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Workshop Series on Advanced Materials and Processes for RF and THz Applications (IMWS-AMP)

    2020

    DOI: 10.1109/IMWS-AMP49156.2020.9199738

    Abstract anzeigen

    This paper presents a new numerical method to deduce the complex permittivity εr of PCB (printed circuit board) substrates. First, the attenuation and phase of an on board transmission line are measured with a vector network analyzer (VNA). The transmission line is then simulated with the finite difference integral method (FDI) with the substrate substituted by air. The measured and simulated phases are used, to calculate the effective permittivity and the real part of the complex permittivity εr ' . With known εr ' , the electromagnetic field distribution can be calculated, which is necessary to deduce the imaginary part of the permittivity. The shown algorithms can be used for frequencies up to 100 GHz and without any iterative processes.

    DigitalAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenIPH Teisnach

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Andreas Scharl, Felix Sepaintner, Franz Xaver Röhrl, Werner Bogner, Stefan Zorn

    Design and Comparison of Filter Structures in the Millimetre Wave Frequency Range on Outer- and Inner-Layers of Organic Circuits Boards

    [Invited Talk]

    Proceedings of the 2020 European Microwave Conference (EuMC)

    2020

    DigitalAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenIPH Teisnach

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Andreas Scharl, Felix Sepaintner, Franz Xaver Röhrl, Werner Bogner, Stefan Zorn

    Simulation and Measurement of PCB Crossover Structures from DC up to 70 GHz

    [Invited Talk]

    Proceedings of the 2020 German Microwave Conference (GeMiC) [9-11 March 2020; Cottbus]

    2020

    Abstract anzeigen

    In this paper, 4 different crossover structures in a 6-layered printed circuit board (PCB) for high operation frequencies are presented. The design for all structures is based on grounded coplanar waveguide (GCPW). Two fully planar structures, a quasi-coaxial transition and coaxial transition are realized and have a measured bandwidth from DC to 50 GHz and DC to 60 GHz, respectively. Moreover, two structures are designed in submount technology. Especially the connection between baseboard and package (solder junction) plays an important role to guarantee best signal integrity. Therefore, the quality of the solder junction is analysed in detail with TDR (time domain reflectometry) measurement as well as with X-ray images. The submount transitions show good radio frequency (RF) characteristics from DC to 70 GHz.

    NachhaltigAngewandte InformatikTC Freyung

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Javier Valdés, Luis Ramirez Camargo, Wolfgang Dorner

    Generating consumer load profiles to assess demand-side management potential of industries

    Paper ID: 1063

    Energy Proceedings 2020 - Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Applied Energy (12-15 August 2019; Västerås, Sweden)

    2020

    DigitalTC Freyung

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Anja Braehmer, Wolfgang Dorner

    Museum Uploaded. Digitale Technologie für crossmediale grenzüberschreitende Museumskooperationen.

    Online-Erweiterung zum Band 84 (2019) der Museumskunde

    2020

    Abstract anzeigen

    Zusammen mit Projektpartnern entwickelt die TH Deggendorf digitale Technologien für eine neue stadtgeschichtliche Dauerausstellung im Stadtmuseum Deggendorf. Konkret handelt es sich hierbei um drei digitale Teilprojekte: ein Content Management System (CMS), das erlaubt die festinstallierten Medienstationen der Ausstellung zentral zu verwalten, einen digitalen Museumsbegleiter, der die Geschichten der Exponate erzählt und Zugang zu Vertiefungsebenen bietet und eine barrierefreie digitale Anwendung zur Verknüpfung von Museums-und Stadtraum.

    NachhaltigAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenIPH Teisnach

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Simon Killinger, Johannes Liebl, Rolf Rascher

    First steps towards an automated polishing process chain using one robot

    Proceedings of SPIE 11478 (Seventh European Seminar on Precision Optics Manufacturing [8 July 2020; Teisnach]), Bellingham, WA, USA

    2020

    DOI: 10.1117/12.2564840

    Abstract anzeigen

    Manufacturing precision optics is a complex process chain, which requires many operations on different machines. This is combined with operator-dependent steps such as manual cleaning, loading and measuring. In order to realize this process chain on a smaller shop area and to achieve a higher level of automation we build an operator-independent polishing cell. In this cell, an ABB robot serves as the actuator handling the workpiece. We positioned the robot in the center of the polishing cell to operate several workstations, so the whole process chain works with one single actuator. This arrangement allows a smaller and cheaper system, since no additional handling is required.

    NachhaltigAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenIPH Teisnach

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Michael Benisch, O. Fähnle, Rolf Rascher, Werner Bogner

    Force and pressure analysis during overarm polishing

    Proceedings of SPIE 11478 (Seventh European Seminar on Precision Optics Manufacturing [8 July 2020; Teisnach]), Bellingham, WA, USA

    2020

    DOI: 10.1117/12.2564903

    Abstract anzeigen

    The Preston-equation implies, that, besides the relative speed υrel and a specific constant KP, the pressure p plays a significant role for the removal rate when polishing an optical component. This paper demonstrates a possibility for a qualitative evaluation of the pressure distribution before the polishing process. A pressure-sensitive foil is used as a gauge for pressure measurement. The effectiveness of this measuring method is explained. Specific weaknesses and limitations in the use of these foils are discussed. A method for an integrated evaluation of the pressure on different spots of the polishing pad is proposed at the end of the paper.

    NachhaltigAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenIPH Teisnach

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    M. Pohl, R. Börret, Olga Kukso, Rolf Rascher

    Mid spatial frequency error prevention strategies for the grinding process

    Proceedings of SPIE 11478 (Seventh European Seminar on Precision Optics Manufacturing [8 July 2020; Teisnach]), Bellingham, WA, USA

    2020

    DOI: 10.1117/12.2565261

    Abstract anzeigen

    This research is focused on the link between manufacturing parameters and the resulting mid-spatial frequency error in the manufacturing process of precision optics. The goal is to understand the generation mechanisms of mid-spatial frequency errors and avoid their appearance in the manufacturing process. Also, a simulation which is able to predict the resulting mid spatial frequency error from a manufacturing process is desired.

    NachhaltigAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenIPH Teisnach

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Jessica Stelzl, Christine Wünsche, S. Höfer

    Influencing factors for a continuous wave UV-laser component

    Proceedings of SPIE 11478 (Seventh European Seminar on Precision Optics Manufacturing [8 July 2020; Teisnach]), Bellingham, WA, USA

    2020

    DOI: 10.1117/12.2564916

    Abstract anzeigen

    During the development of an optical system, one comes to the point where you have to build the optically active element into a mechanical device that becomes part of the system. At this point you come across the well-known question that it is not only necessary to consider and ensure the quality of the individual element. It is also important to look at the entire component in order to identify potential influencing factors on the performance of the optical system. At the beginning of a two-year project at Technologiecampus Teisnach the polishing process of a nonlinear crystal as the crucial component of the optical system was being explored. This system is designed to create continuous wave laser beams in the deep UV range. The crystal has to be embedded between two prisms. Roughness and shape of the crystal is ensured via the polishing process which alone has many influencing factors and was examined at the beginning of the project. The quality of the crystal can be as good as it can be, but if the contacting prisms do not fit, the whole prism-coupled device will become unusable in the overall optical laser system. The performance of the laser can only be achieved by harmonizing all elements of the PCD and the PCD itself into the laser set-up. In the current phase of the project this question will be dealt with. The prism-coupled device is split up into its individual parts, which are the nonlinear crystal, the prisms as optical auxiliary components, micro screws and mechanical support. Going through the requirements to the properties of the crystal and their limitations, the influence of the PCD on the optical performance of the crystal is presented. Here, the main focus is placed on the mode of fixing the crystal between the prisms and on putting the stack of crystal and prisms in the laser beam. The influencing factors between the crystal, the prisms and the method of fixing the PCD are described.

    NachhaltigAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenIPH Teisnach

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Michael Wagner, Gerald Fütterer

    Computer-aided beam path generation and assessment for Stevick-Paul telescopes

    Proceedings of SPIE 11478 (Seventh European Seminar on Precision Optics Manufacturing [8 July 2020; Teisnach]), Bellingham, WA, USA

    2020

    DOI: 10.1117/12.2564852

    Abstract anzeigen

    At Deggendorf Institute of Technology a student project is currently under way to build a Stevick-Paul telescope for astrophotography. An important step in the overall development procedure of each telescope is the design of a beam-path and ensuring its suitability under optical and engineering aspects. The students performed this process in a sequential manner by using several different computer programs (e.g. MATLAB, Zemax, Creo Parametric). To accelerate the beam path design process, a Python program to automate the major part of the design process with minimum human supervision was created. The input data of the python program consists of ranges of the desired characteristics of the Stevick-Paul telescope, such as focal lengths, primary mirror diameters and tilts etc., mirror thickness and mount geometries, as well as the specific type of camera. After setting the input, the program creates 2D cross-sections of beam paths according to the formulas of D. Stevick and may introduce a flat fold mirror to reduce the overall system size as well as improve the accessibility of the focus plane. The subsequent assessment routine checks against the susceptibility for stray light and performs a complex analysis of the available installation space to ensure sufficient mechanical tolerances. In this way, collisions between mirrors, mounts and cameras are avoided and obstructions of the beam path are prevented. At any stage, the program can produce graphical representations of the beam paths. In this paper the computer-aided design of a telescope beam path with a focal length of 2400 mm is demonstrated. During development of the software, a subset of folded Stevick-Paul telescopes, in which certain components are parallel, was found. This subset may be useful to simplify the alignment procedure. In conclusion, further refinement of the software is necessary, although the program is already a useful aid for certain aspects when creating a beam path design.

    NachhaltigAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenIPH Teisnach

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Olga Kukso, Rolf Rascher, M. Pohl, R. Börret

    On the metrology and analysis of MSF error

    Proceedings of SPIE 11478 (Seventh European Seminar on Precision Optics Manufacturing [8 July 2020; Teisnach]), Bellingham, WA, USA

    2020

    DOI: 10.1117/12.2566251

    Abstract anzeigen

    The aim of our research was to study middle spatial frequency errors (MSFE) on optical surfaces. We investigate the surfaces after manufacturing processes to find out the main affecting factors and to choose the proper processing parameters to minimize the size of the errors. To find an appropriate parameter window we have to be able not only to define the factors, which lead to MSFE, but also to analyze the change of the error after next following production steps.

    NachhaltigAngewandte Naturwissenschaften und WirtschaftsingenieurwesenIPH Teisnach

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    M. Jung, Christian J. Trum, Beate Schmidbauer, E. Willenborg, Rolf Rascher

    Non-ablative removal of sub surface damages in ground optical glass substrates by controlled melting of thin surface layers using CO2-laser radiation

    Proceedings of SPIE 11478 (Seventh European Seminar on Precision Optics Manufacturing [8 July 2020; Teisnach]), Bellingham, WA, USA

    2020

    DOI: 10.1117/12.2564801

    Abstract anzeigen

    The form generation of optical surfaces by grinding and mechanical polishing results in small sub surface damages in the form of micro cracks that conventionally have to be removed by further removal of the damaged surface layers. In order to reduce process time and material cost non-ablative methods for removal of micro cracks are desired. Utilising the low optical penetration depths of less than 10 μm for CO2-laser radiation in glass, the laser energy can be used to heat up and melt thin surface layers. Using a 1.5 kW CO2-laser, a quasi-line focus formed by a scanner unit and a constant feed speed, it is possible to close all micro cracks present in the rough grinded test surfaces (max. SSD-depth ~ 63 μm), while achieving a process time of less than 2 seconds for a Ø 30 mm N-BK7 lens, respectively 7.5 seconds for fused silica. With a Sa as low as 50 nm and low distortion from the original shape the surfaces can directly be conventionally polished, further reducing the process chain complexity.

    DigitalAngewandte WirtschaftswissenschaftenTC Grafenau

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Sebastian Wilhelm, Dietmar Jakob, Diane Ahrens

    Human Presence Detection by monitoring the indoor CO2 concentration

    Tagungsband zur Konferenz Mensch und Computer 2020 (06.-09.09.2020; Magdeburg)

    2020

    DOI: 10.1145/3404983.3409991

    Abstract anzeigen

    Presence detection systems are becoming more and more important and are used in smart home environments in the Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) domain or in surveillance technology. Common systems focus on using motion sensors or cameras which have only a limited viewing angle and therefore monitoring gaps can easily occur within a room. Humans produce carbon dioxide (CO2) through their respiration which is distributed in rooms. As a result if one (or more) persons are in a room a significant increase in CO2 concentration in the room can be noted. With this work we investigate an approach to detect the presence or absence of people indoors by monitoring the CO2 concentration in the ambient air.

    DigitalAngewandte WirtschaftswissenschaftenTC Grafenau

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Sebastian Wilhelm, Dietmar Jakob, Jakob Kasbauer, M. Dietmeier

    Organizational, Technical, Ethical and Legal Requirements of Capturing Household Electricity Data for Use as an AAL System

    Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress on Information and Communication Technology (ICPCCI 2019) [20-21 February 2020; London, UK]

    2020

    DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5856-6_38

    Abstract anzeigen

    Due to demographic change elderly care is one of the major challenges for society in near future fostering new services to support and enhance the life quality of the elderly generation. A particular aspect is the desire to live in one’s homes instead of hospitals and retirement homes as long as possible. Therefore it is essential to monitor the health status i.e. the activity of the individual. In our data-driven society data is collected at an increasing rate enabling personalized services for our daily life using machine-learning and data mining technologies. However the lack of labeled datasets from a realistic environment hampers research for training and evaluating algorithms. In the project BLADL we use data mining technologies to gauge the health status of elderly people. Within this work we discuss the challenges and caveats both from a technical and ethical perspectives to create such a dataset.

    DigitalAngewandte WirtschaftswissenschaftenTC Grafenau

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Dietmar Jakob, Sebastian Wilhelm

    Amazon Echo: A Benchmarking Model Review

    Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Interfaces and Human Computer Interaction (23-25 July 2020; Zagreb, Croatia)

    2020

    Abstract anzeigen

    Smart speakers are becoming increasingly popular. The market leader for smart speakers are the products of the Echo family from Amazon. There are currently 9 different models with different technical specifications available in Germany. With this paper, the models was benchmarked against each other in terms of (i) speech recognition reliability, (ii) output sound pressure and (iii) power consumption in a laboratory experiment. Previous works in this area has only considered individual models of the product family. Significant differences in speech recognition accuracy, output sound pressure and power consumption were identified between the models. In general it was observed, that the Echo Show 8 model was the most efficient in terms of the above criterias.

    DigitalAngewandte WirtschaftswissenschaftenTC Grafenau

    Beitrag (Sammelband oder Tagungsband)

    Dietmar Jakob, Sebastian Wilhelm, A. Gerl

    Data Privacy Management (DPM) - A Private Household Smart Metering Use Case

    Workshopband 6. Usable Security und Privacy Workshop im Rahmen der Konferenz Mensch und Computer 2020 (06.-09.09.2020; Magdeburg)

    2020

    DOI: 10.18420/muc2020-ws119-003

    Abstract anzeigen

    The automated collection of real life data in private households places special requirements on a Data Privacy Management (DPM) concept. The development and implementation of a DPM concept for use in a scientific environment is demonstrated according to a successful use case – the project BLADL. The intention of this paper is to provide a guideline for ethical and privacy-preserving data collection and management in research projects in the EU.