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    Patrick Glauner, A. Boechat, L. Dolberg, R. State, F. Bettinger, Y. Rangoni, D. Duarte

    Large-scale detection of non-technical losses in imbalanced data sets

    Proceedings of the 2016 Seventh IEEE Power & Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT 2016) [September 6-9, 2016; Minneapolis, MN, USA]

    2016

    DOI: 10.1109/ISGT.2016.7781159

    Abstract anzeigen

    Non-technical losses (NTL) such as electricity theft cause significant harm to our economies, as in some countries they may range up to 40% of the total electricity distributed. Detecting NTLs requires costly on-site inspections. Accurate prediction of NTLs for customers using machine learning is therefore crucial. To date, related research largely ignore that the two classes of regular and non-regular customers are highly imbalanced, that NTL proportions may change and mostly consider small data sets, often not allowing to deploy the results in production. In this paper, we present a comprehensive approach to assess three NTL detection models for different NTL proportions in large real world data sets of 100Ks of customers: Boolean rules, fuzzy logic and Support Vector Machine. This work has resulted in appreciable results that are about to be deployed in a leading industry solution. We believe that the considerations and observations made in this contribution are necessary for future smart meter research in order to report their effectiveness on imbalanced and large real world data sets.